Useful Speaking Phrasal Verbs for Better Communication
November 4, 2019
Today I’m going to talk to you about phrasal verbs that have to do with speaking. That’s coming up. Many of you out there would like to practice and improve your speaking skills. Many of you would also like to learn phrasal verbs and learn how to use them. So in today’s lesson, I’m going to combine those two ideas, and talk to you about phrasal verbs that deal with speaking. Let’s start with the verb TALK. And the first phrasal verb I have for you and possibly the most common is TALK TO. And when you talk to someone you are directly speaking to another person. I suppose that you could also talk to some thing as well. Most of the time we’re talking about another person. You talk to someone. This is very similar to another phrasal verb TALK WITH. And they’re basically interchangeable. You are speaking directly with another person. Talk to. Talk with. The only difference is that talking with… …it really implies that there is another person you’re having a conversation with. So for example, I could talk to myself in the mirror. I wouldn’t really say talk with because there’s no other person involved. So that’s why I think it’s a little more common to talk to someone or something. Now if you are out there and you are looking for somebody to talk to or talk with, I highly recommend that you check out Lingoda who was kind enough to sponsor today’s lesson. For those of you who may not be familiar with Lingoda, they are an online language school that offers courses in English, and German, Spanish, and French. And all of their courses are taught by highly trained professional teachers who are all native speakers. I have some first-hand experience learning with Lingoda because I took some classes in Spanish and the teachers and the lessons were great. And it was a really, really good experience. They offer both group and private classes. And they’re available 24 hours a day. And that’s important because it doesn’t matter where in the world you live teachers and classes are always available. Upon completing a sufficient number of courses you can receive a CEF our certificate showing your level of comprehension. And then you can use these certificates for university, for visa applications, your CV. There are many different uses. Now Lingoda has kindly offered everyone here at interactive English a discount of $50 or 50 euro. All you need to do is click on the link in the description and then put in the code WES. That’s my name. Just put that code in. Simple as that. And the next thing you know, you will be talking to a native English speaker. The next phrasal verb using talk is to TALK (someone) UP. Notice that someone goes in between the verb and the preposition. And when you talk someone up, then you are just speaking very enthusiastically about this person. So if you’re in a group of friends, you can talk him up, you can talk her up. Maybe you could talk me up and tell everyone about Interactive English. Another good example is like in in a job interview. You go in there and you want to talk yourself up because you want to show them that you’re the best. To talk someone up. Another phrasal verb which is not so good is to TALK BACK to someone. And this means that you are replying to someone in a rude manner and you’re not being polite. So for example, if there’s a conversation and somebody tells you to do something, and you don’t want to and you’re angry. You might talk back to this person. Often, you hear it in situations like children talk back to their parents. Maybe employees sometimes talk back to their boss. But when you’re talking back to someone, you are not being very nice. And more often than not, you should be polite in these situations. But instead you’re talking back. Now let’s look at SPEAK. Because there are several phrasal verbs using this verb. The first one I want to talk to you about is SPEAK UP. And this just means to raise your voice and make it a little louder. So often, if you’re having a conversation somebody might ask you to speak up because they can’t really hear you well. They don’t know what you’re saying. You might hear this when talking on the phone. Because there’s other noises and maybe it’s difficult to understand somebody. So they might say, “Hey, could you please speak up a little?” We can change this meaning completely by adding another preposition to make it a three-word phrasal verb. And that is SPEAK UP FOR someone. And if you are speaking up for someone, then you are just defending this person. So you may want to defend this person because they’re being attacked, and you want to speak up for him, or speak up for her, or maybe even speak up for yourself. Now, we can remove up and make it a two-word phrasal verb once again with another new meaning. And when you speak for someone you’re basically representing this person’s beliefs, this person’s opinion. You are speaking for this other person. Often is used in some context where there’s a group of people, and you might say… You know, I speak for everyone when I say this opinion or this belief. So for example, I could say…I think I speak for everyone when I say you should hit that LIKE button. Another phrasal verb, which is so, so, so common is this one right here. And that is SHUT UP. Now, this phrasal verb is important because it does have a couple of different meanings. The first one, which I think most of us probably think of, is firmly or angrily telling someone to be quiet. You don’t want this person talking anymore. You want them to close their mouth. You don’t want anymore sounds coming out. You might tell them “Shut up.” The other way that this phrasal verb is used is kind of to express disbelief. So somebody says something that is outrageous. That you can’t believe it, and you might just say “No. Shut up.” Shut up. Really? Shut up. So in this case, it’s not really used to be rude or mean. You’re basically expressing your disbelief. You can’t believe what you’re hearing. Shut up Now I want to practice what we’ve learned. And in the comments, I want to hear from you. So I want you to write a sentence using one of these phrasal verbs. And to help you out, you can even answer one of these questions. Write to us in the comments. Practice using these phrasal verbs. Because to be perfectly honest, that is the best way to remember the meaning and really understand how to use them. I would please ask you to talk up Interactive English. You can share this lesson with your friends, your classmates. Anybody you know who’s trying to practice and improve their English skills. And also don’t forget to click on the link in the description to get your discount and start talking to a native English speaker. Thanks so much for watching, and I’ll see you next time.