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Tips: Recognize Arabic, Kurdish, Persian text in 5 minutes!

Hello everyone, I am Imad from Glossika. I wanna show you how you can easily tell the
difference between some languages are written in the Arabic script. For this video we will only discuss the differences
between Arabic, Persian, and Kurdish. And By the end this video you will be able to the difference between Arabic, Persian and Kurdish scripts and next time you can tell your friends which
language is which even you don’t speak any of these languages. The Arabic script is used in many more languages,
major ones of which include Pashtu and Urdu. During the Ottoman Empire, Turkish language
was also written in Arabic up until Mustafa Kemal Atatürk declared the change to Latin script in 1928. You might ask Why recognize these languages? For some people, it’s important for their
job, especially if they work in text or book processing such as google and other internet
startups. For people who are learning a language that’s
written in Arabic script, it’s also important to know what you might
be looking at, doesn’t belong to the language you’re learning. Otherwise, it is a fun task to be able to
rely on your own instinct to determine which language something is written in. If a person is not familiar with the Arabic
alphabet, these three languages might look very similar at first, for example, take a look at the following sentences: First of all let’s look at the alphabetic
list of all the letters in Arabic, Persian,and Kurdish. Notice how some langugae have more letters
than the others Central Kurdish (Sorani) First, we should clarify that we’re talking
about Central Kurdish which is spoken in Iraqi Kurdistan and West of Iran, which is also
my mother tongue. (Hi mom and dad in Kurdish) Kurdish and Persian are Indo-European languages
and have more in common with English and Greek than they do with Arabic. The easiest way to recognize a Kurdish text
is by searching for the small “v” shapes above or below the letters. Notice the small “v” shapes above or below
the words — a clear sign that this is Kurdish. Some more examples: Ok, Can you guess which sentence is written
in Kurdish? Good job. Next language, Standard Arabic Arabic is very easy to distinguish when written
with tashkeel (the phonetic guide). Almost every letter will have a symbol above
or below, rendering it quite different from Kurdish and Persian. Can you tell which one is Arabic? Unfortunately, most of the time, Arabic texts
are written without tashkeel, making it harder for foreigners to distinguish
or read correctly. This is why our Glossika courses include tashkeel
for you to learn to recognize the spelling and pronunciation more easily. there is an easy way to know if a text is
Arabic by visually searching for the ي the letter “y” at the end of words and the “tāʾ marbūṭa” at endings
of words: ـة ة , — all clear signs that this is Arabic. These two letters are enough to be sure the
text you are seeing is written in Arabic. Some more examples: Just Keep in mind that sometimes you might
have a complete sentence without these letters ( ي ة ـة ), for example: In this case, another quick way to know is
the presence of the “الـ” which is the Arabic word for “the” that attach
to the nouns. This is a clear sign of Arabic language. Now
let’s take a look at more examples. Persian In English we should always refer to the language
of Iran as Persian. This is the English name. If you were speaking in Persian, then you
call it Farsi? Farsi baladi“can you speak Persian?” The Persian language is a lingua franca across
several countries: Persian in Iran, Dari in Afghanistan and Tajiki in Tajikistan Persian is more challenging to recognize since
it incorporates both features of Kurdish and Arabic. Take a look at these Persian sentences: Here
are some tips on how to recognize if something is written in Persian: If you see these letters “گ چ پ”, it’s
obvious the text is not Arabic, but it could still be Kurdish. You also have to look out for the lack of
“v” above or below letters. Let’s see a few examples. Unfortunately, some complete sentences might
not contain any of these letters Well, if you didn’t see the “v” shapes
below or above any letters, then it’s not Kurdish, and if you didn’t see (ي (ة ـة, then the text you’re looking at could be
Persian. Now, let’s test your skills, can you guess
which sentence is written in Persian? Good job. One last bonus tip If you ever see this letter ط written smaller
above other letters as a superscript ( ڈ ڑ ), then you’re looking at Urdu language. Try to to find this ط letter in this urdu
script. You are welcome. I hope these tips will help you tell Arabic,
Persian, and Sorani Kurdish apart. If you decide to start studying any of these
languages, then one day you will find it much easier to recognize all the other languages that
use the Arabic script. If you like the video please give it a like
and share the video with your friends and don’t forget to subscribe our Glossika
channel to see more Thank you for watching and See you in the
next video.

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