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The 3 Models of Communication


Hello! And thank you for selecting this
virtual lecture. Today I will be breaking down the three models of communication:
the Linear Model, the Interactive Model and the Transactional Model. Let’s get
started! Before I explain how the communication models work, it is
important for us to have a basic understanding of what communication is.
Communication can be defined as the sending and receiving of messages to
create shared meaning. The Linear Model with scholars first attempt at
explaining how this process works. It states: when communicating a source will
encode a message, or take an idea and give it meaning through words, and send
it to a receiver through a channel, or the medium through which a message is
delivered: such as a phone, computer, handwritten note, or even face-to-face.
Once the message is sent, it is up to the receiver to decode, or draw meaning from,
the message. It also recognizes that both physical and psychological noise play a
large role in how we both encode and decode messages. While the Linear Model was an excellent start, scholars believed that this model was missing some very
key elements. So, they created the Interactive Model of
Communication. Just like the Linear Model, the Interactive Model states that during
communication there is a source encoding a message, sending it through a channel,
and a receiver that decodes the information. However, it also states: as
the receiver is being sent a message, the receiver is also sending feedback to the
source through their verbal and nonverbal responses to the message.
Additionally, the Interactive Model recognizes that communication can be
influenced by the environment, or the context in which communication is taking
place. For a while, scholars were satisfied with the Interactive Model and
its approach to how human communication functions, but they still felt as though
something was missing. They sat down once again and created the Transactional
Model of Communication, which states that while all of the elements of the
Interactive Model are true, there was one element that was absent. The fact that
when communicating in the real world, each individual takes turns being both
the source and the receiver, and sometimes we are both source and
receiver simultaneously. In this video, we took a look at the three models of communication: the Linear Model, the Interactive Model and the Transactional Model. I hope this helps you to better understand how human communication works! Thank you again for selecting this virtual lecture

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