Sign Language Sentences- The Basic Structure
August 7, 2019
Well Video Linda. Ah,
that. So you want to learn how to make your
own signing were sentences. Well, in this video I’m going to show you
the basics in that structure as well as break down the process for
creating your own coming up [inaudible] Rochelle here,
helping you to build, strengthen and explore your ASL skills
on this channel. I teach you new sides, help you to practice and share
tips and tricks just like this. So if you’re new here, consider
subscribing. Now remember, as always before you leave, head down into the info box down below
and grab your free download days. Download is a worksheet set for you to
practice translating English sentences into ASL sentences. And the best part is there’s answers in
the back so you don’t have to guess and wonder and hope and cross your
fingers that you got it right. You’ll know right away. So you’re probably wondering how
complex of sentences are we going to do? You’re like, we’re shell, dude, I
know. Time, topic, comment, please. I’m ready for something more.
I totally understand. I get it. In order for you to craft
your own complex sentences, you need to have a good solid
understanding of the basics in it, structure the parts of it, why they are
what they are and where to put them. And then you can do the complex sentences.
And we’re going to do a couple today, but in future videos I’m going to
do even more complex sentences. So please stick with me today, bakes or you have it down and then you’ll
be ready for those complex sentences. For sure. Remember if you’re
like, I totally have this, this is so easy. Grab the worksheet down below anyway
and test herself. If you have it, you’re totally ready. And I’ll let you know when the
complex videos are ready for you. So you can be like signing Ninja. Here we go.
Let’s look at the two basic structures and
then we’ll go into some variants. So you’ve probably seen this one
before, time plus topic, post comment, and then there’s topic plus comment. And here down below you can see
that I have the reference in here. We’ll talk about what a reference
isn’t just a moment. But here we go. You can see time plus topic plus
comment plus referent or topics. Please comment, purse reference or topless plus my
friend Paula’s comment or topic plus reference plus comment. Let’s reference and you understand
what I mean in just a second. Okay, so here is time.
Time is the tense. If you need more help with tents, I do have a full video on tents that you
can click up in the upper right corner and it’ll take you there. And here is the
topic. It’s Hubbuch is the main subject. Who or what are you talking about? Now here we have comment
and action comment, an action or the same thing, but it’s
basically your adjective or your verb. Um, what’s happening to or about the
subject or the that you’re talking about. And the reference is
referring back to the topic. It’s the sign that you use that refers
back to the topic of reference is used for extra clarity.
And um, it’s kind of like making sure
your pronouns are correct. So here we can go back to the slide here
where you can see the topic and comment and the reference. And you can see sometimes the reference
is at the end of the sentence after the comment. And sometimes you can see it
sandwiched between topic and comment. And you can also see that the reference
can be sandwiching the comment or the action. And so those are some
different ways you can do that. These three examples here, down at the
bottom, don’t have time in front of them, but you can put time in there as well. Now we’re going to take
some English sentences, label the parts of each of the sentence, and then we’re going to turn them into
ASL sentences together. So here we go. Is there English sentence?
I don’t really like fish. So these are the questions we’re gonna
ask ourselves when we’re looking at the sentence. So the first question is,
is there a time in the sentence, do you see a tents?
And in this sentence there is no time. There’s not a tense really here in the
sentence. Okay. So what is the sentences? Main topic?
The main topic is fish. You might think it’s I, but in this
case it’s not. And for the most part, your sentences aren’t going to
have the main topic being I. Okay. So let’s look at the comments.
What are we saying about the fish? We’re saying I don’t like them.
And now the reference is I, because we’re saying
that I don’t like them. So let’s see what this looks
like altogether. We have no time, so we don’t have any time here.
And the topic is fish. And then we add the comment is don’t like,
and then the reference is I, so you can see this as the topic plus
comment plus referent sentence structure. You may be wondering about the really,
cause it said, I really don’t like them. Now in this instance, you wouldn’t say you wouldn’t sign real
because it’s not the right meaning. In this instance. You would, you
would show that with your face. So I will, I’m just trying.
I really don’t like them. I’m showing them with
my non-manual markers. Now let’s look at the next sentence.
I’m going to the library tomorrow. So the first question we’re gonna
ask ourselves is what is the time? Is their time in the sentence?
And the sentence is, the time is tomorrow. Okay, what
is the sentences main topic. The library is the main
topic of the sentence. Now what is happening with the library? What’s the comment associated
with library going, going to the library and the referent.
I, I am going to the library now in ASL. We don’t sign too unless
we absolutely need to. Um, or there’s not another way of signing
the sentence without meaning without that sign. And we also do not sign the now if you
want some more help with things that you don’t sign as anything were to have a
whole lesson dedicated to what not to sign in. It’s all foundations and you can find
more information about that in the top right corner by clicking the eye.
Now let’s put the sentence all together. So first we start with time, which is in this case is tomorrow
and the topic is library. And then here we’re going to put the
reference right in front of our action, which is also our comment go. And it’s
something that you don’t sign going. We just signed go. So altogether,
this is tomorrow library. I go. Now let’s do another sentence
with multiple comments so
you can see how those go together. Here’s our sentence, my dog
as small, Brown and silly. Now ask yourself,
is there a time in a sentence, clearly there’s no time in the sentence,
so we write none. What is the topic of this sentence? The topic is dog and what is
the comment of the sentence? There are four comments.
My small, Brown and silly.
Now in this, I like to point out that
my is the topical comment. It topical comment is a comment that
you can’t really separate from the topic without it losing clarity. So if I signed dog is my, his small brown,
my silly, it wouldn’t make sense and to keep my
with dog and so I label it as topical comment. So then I would keep it with dog when I’m
translating a sentence and not to move it somewhere else. And the reference is it because
we’re referring back to the dog? Never remember. He, she
it are all the same sign. It doesn’t really matter if I write it
or he or she on the paper because I’m just going to be pointing. So altogether,
if this is going to be my dog, it small, Brown, silly, and
that is how we would sign it. My dog, cause it’s a topical
comment plus the topic, my dog it referring
right back to that dog. Because in a regular conversation you’re
gonna be talking about a lot of things. So you’re pointing back to the dogs to
make sure that the person you’re signing to understands that we’re
saying my dog is small, Brown as silly and not something
else that we were talking about. So that’s why we put
that at reference there. You can also sign it as
my dog it small brown, silly it and make a reference sandwich.
And we talk about reference in a, an an another video. So if you want some
more help in understanding with that, um, be sure to watch that. Make the first two sentences that we
did a little bit more complicated, not super complicated, just a little
bit to here is the first sentence. I don’t really like fish.
They’re gross. So we already know that there’s no time
and we already know the topic is fish because that’s how it was
in the first sentence. Now that we have two comments this time, first is don’t like and the
second is gross and the reference. Now we have two. We have eye and day because we will want
to make sure we’re saying I don’t like this and the fish are gross
and not saying I am gross. So now altogether it’s going to be fish. Don’t like I they grows. So we go fish don’t like I because we’re
saying I don’t like them and now we’re saying they are gross.
So that’s super important. Reference are very important for clarity. Now the next sentence, I’m going to
the library tomorrow to get a new book. Now we already know the time is tomorrow
and now in this sentence we have two topics can separate the sentence and
to really basically being two separate sentences. But in this case we’ve
put it all together as one thought, which is why we have two topics. We have library and we also have book
and our comments are go new and get an a reference is I and
altogether tomorrow library, I go book new borrow. Now I know you’re probably saying, well
why are we signing, borrow and not get? If we signed get, it wouldn’t
really be clear. I mean it could be, it could understand it, but really
in this instance when you say get, I’m getting a book at the library,
you really mean you’re borrowing it, you’re checking it out, you’re renting
it, it’s being loaned out to you. So to be clear, we’re signing
borrow. Instead of get, if you’re going to say I’m going
to the library to steal a new book, then you would signed steel. When you’re translating a
sentence from English to ASL, it is so important that you’re
translating them meaning and not the word. You don’t get so stuck on saying,
I am going to get a new book. I get a get a new book.
What are you actually saying? And that’s what you’re going to sign. So in this case we’re
borrowing a new button. So here you can see tomorrow library I go,
that’s one thought book, New Borrow. That’s a whole nother
thought, but to make it one long sentence, we smush it together.
Tomorrow Library, I go book new borough and
this is how it’s signed. As I said at the beginning of this video, learning the basic senate
structure is so vital. Now another tip is you have more than
one comment and one of them is an action sign or a verb as we would say in English. That is the one you put at the end.
So if you have a lot of comments, it’s like adjective, adjective,
adjective, adjective, verb,
adjective, verb, adjective, adjective, verb you to put that
action at the end of your sentence. So you have got your time,
your topic, your comment, and if you have an action comment, put the action comment last and you
can put the reference right before the action, right after the action or
sandwiched in between or you go. Let me give you some parting advice. You’re going to work on ASL grammar. You’re going to try to translate sentences
from English to ASL and sometimes maybe most of the time when
you’re first starting out, it’s going to be hard or
you’re not gonna want to do it. You’re going to want to give
up. Number one, don’t give up. It gets easier every time you do it.
Number two, translating sentences from
English to ASL on paper. Breaking it down like we did here in
this video is going to be so helpful for you. Number three, you’re
going to be tempted to just go, I think I’m just going to do English
word order with the ASL signs and I urge you,
and I encourage you to not do that. You may see some people signing PSE on
youtube or in real life and that’s okay, but it’s not ASL. I’m not saying they’re bad or they’re
wrong or they’re doing a horrible things. I’m saying it’s not ASL.
If you want a career in sign language, if you want to be more welcome or readily
accepted into the deaf community and the culture, I suggest and encourage you highly to
use ASL in not PSE and definitely not. See PSE is pigeon sign English
and see his signed exact English. I have a whole other video
about this. It’s, it’s, I started talking about this and I had
to edit it all out cause it was like a 30 minute thing and so I’m not
going to get into it right now. Bottom line is like this.
If you are mining French, you would not only learn the vocabulary, you will learn the grammar
no matter how hard it was, you would learn it because you would
not go over to France and expected to be okay that you just know the
vocabulary but not the grammar. It’s the same with ASL is not
okay just to learn the science. You got to learn the grammar
and you can’t just do the signs. Just learning signs is not
gonna make you a good signer. Knowing Asl Grammar will,
Oh, don’t give into the
temptation and don’t give up. Just do your best because all you can do
is all you can do and all you can do is good enough.
One of the day. What further ASL grammar
videos do you want to see? Let me know in the comments down below. What are the Asl Rochelle
community hangs out? Yes. Thank you so much for watching this video.
If you enjoyed it, please like subscribe and leave a comment
down below letting me know what ASL grammar lessons you want to see.
Because again, for watching Asl Rochelle helping
you to become a signing Ninja. I’ll see you next time.
Bye [inaudible] Ron video ever show rob.
Rob knows what. Me, me, me, me, me, me, me, me, me. It’s like five minutes
before the video started. What happens?
Oh my gosh. That was a lot of tangents. Ugh,
I’m going to have so much editing. Gadeo stop dogging Rachelle.
Oh, I need,
I need some water.