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Quebec on the Move | Deaf Experience(s) in Quebec: Social Activism Across LSQ & ASL Communities

>>DAZ: Hello, my name is Daz Saunders. I
am from England and it will soon be my fourth year in Montreal since moving here. Currently
I’m a student, studying my master’s in Linguistics. I’m researching and analyzing three different
languages: Langue des signes quebecois, American Sign Language and Langue des signes francaise.
I am a social activist in different areas, wherein I support the rights of the LGBT,
Deaf rights as well as Deaf-LGBT rights, and the linguistics rights of the Deaf communities,
and the official recognition of our languages.>>PAMELA: My name is Pamela Witcher and I
am from Montreal. I am an artist. The movement is shown through my arts, by that I mean that
they raise awareness and education about the Deaf experiences through De’Via, which stands
for Deaf View/Image Art. I am also an activist in many venues but at the moment, my main
mission is currently with an organization I cofounded called Groupe BWB. Our movement
is quite strong we have been established for the last three years, our mission is to generate
public awareness about anti-audism, services without barriers as well as society without
barriers. Of course, I do have a few other jobs going I am a museum technician, consultant,
presenter, interpreter, translator, video editor… No matter what position I hold,
I seem to always have one foot in activism.>>DAZ: You mentioned “audism” before,
and how it is a form of selective seclusion. Do you mind expanding further on that, what
else does audism mean? And what does your company, Groupe BWB, do about audism?>>PAMELA: Well the term audism was coined
by a gentleman from the United States by the name of Tom Humphries in the 1970’s. He had
consulted with many members of the Deaf community about the term. Though it was new for everyone
it made sense. So it was consensus amongst them that it was an appropriate term to describe
their intent. I’m not sure if it was about a year ago or two years ago that the term
audism actually made it into the American Heritage dictionary. So the definition that describes audism is
to base one’s superiority solely on the fact of whether or not they can hear or speak.
Those unable to are therefore for inferior. And with that those who can hear and speak
are smarter. It’s a very phono-centric system developed to suit the needs of the general
public. Thus creating a stigma that goes against anyone who is a visual communicator or Deaf
they are cast away and shut out. That’s what audism is.>>DAZ: So you work against audism, or to
abolish—>>PAMELA: to reduce, yes…
>>DAZ: To reduce. Right.>>DAZ: In your lifetime, have you ever seen
occurrences such as people fighting for rights, maybe for French rights, maybe for English
rights, or… the living experiences since childhood, those that have impacts on your
views?>>PAMELA: Ok… hummm… well, Montreal has,
two, hummm… systems: one English and the ASL (American sign language) and other French
and the LSQ (Langue des signes québécois). The LSQ/French, were taught by Catholic nuns
as well as priests. Boys and girls went to separate schools which of now since closed.
Now kids go to École Gadbois for elementary school and then Lucien Pagé for high school.
The ASL/English community has always had the same Protestant structured education at Mackay
Centre School. Which has both elementary and high school programs. Mackay is where the
elementary school has always been located and the high school has repeatedly moved between
Mackay and the Royal Vale site, with some mainstreamed classes in the between. That
kept on changing, back and forth. I’m not sure why there’s been so many changes. Maybe
it’s because the foundation for the high school hasn’t been that great, maybe because they
didn’t have the right resources Growing up in school I was never taught about
the Deaf heritage. Well maybe just few teachers mentioned it but not at great length.>>DAZ: Teachers? I see…>>PAMELA: My parents never really exposed
me to the political side. So growing up I was unaware of the political issues surrounding
me. My neighbour at the time when I was around 11 years old and she was an LSQ francophone>>DAZ: Ah I see…>>PAMELA: and she invited me to Gadbois on
their parent-teacher evening. There was such a large gathering of LSQ around, I was like
wow! It was a whole new world for me. And, then recently, now that we’re older, an
LSQ friend of mine was saying to me “Ohhh…I had never been to Dawson College, or McGill
University. I never had no idea of what they looked like”. I replied “Yeah, the same goes
for me, I had never seen UQAM or Cegep Vieux Montreal.” So, really, there are two completely
separate systems,>>DAZ: parallel, yes?…mmm…>>PAMELA: yes, two parallel worlds, that’s
right. So, how did I get involved in the LSQ community? Here goes… there were deaf clubs,
there were hockey clubs and through that I was able to pick up more and more LSQ over
time. So, for me from the way I see it, my personality has to do more of being a pacifist
in that I believe in working together… I was never really conscious about the heated
tensions between the linguistic communities, be it ASL and LSQ or English and French. I
had no idea, no, it wasn’t a big issue for me. I had noticed a bit of tensions here and
there, I have seen comments negative comments made by both communities toward one another.
I don’t quite understand why… for me, there are both ‘people’. So,>>DAZ: Mmm hmm. I just stay involved in both groups.>>PAMELA: Yeah, some here and there… Yes
it does disappoint me, **my dream is to see an alliance I have been very involved in the
LSQ community… but still… the LSQ community… not everyone but some in the community like
my peers, they are very supportive, open-minded and understanding of ASL and LSQ working together
in regards to the issues. But some of them… hummm… politically speaking, for example,
they might see me as threatening because of my support for diversity be it the importance
of involving immigrants, the ASL community, as well as gay and lesbian rights groups.
But those who are Quebecois pure laine are very protective of their LSQ language. But
you want power of votes? Freedom of expression? Deaf rights? We already have our own common
struggles of Deaf issues within a system that has not been listening to us as citizens.
And to continually be focused on issues only relating to LSQ, takes away from the actual
Deaf issues similarly occurring in both communities. If we work together we are greater in numbers
and therefore stronger as a whole. We can come together and vote on the same issues
because really our struggles are the same, the only difference is our language. Well
maybe in terms of oppression there are some differences as well. I had taken a course in university called
Quebec Politics and it was there that I learned why Quebec wanted to separate. We learned
about the on-going protests and the FLQ. The transportation industry at that time, specifically
the railroad system being set across Canada refused to hire French speaking citizens,
the industry was run by the English. Hearing about all of these oppressive struggles really
touched me. I began to understand why the French wanted to separate, why the LSQ population
didn’t like the ASL community, I got it. Maybe it’s because I am someone who is part
of a minority myself being an ASL signer in Montreal, I am a minority as a woman, and
I am a minority for the simple fact that I am Deaf. So yes, I could definitely relate
to what francophone minority must have been feeling. I can empathize. They have my support.>>DAZ: Yes, I see. You were speaking just
now about how both the LSQ and ASL communities exist as minorities, you feel the ASL is smaller
in ratio to the LSQ in Quebec but how the LSQ is also a minority in Canada. I’d like
to ask you, as both communities strive to gain rights, do you feel like, for example,
the LSQ community can or will contribute something learned onto the ASL community? Or do these
two communities operate separately?>>PAMELA: Well the LSQ community is definitely
larger in numbers. I’ve been driven to learn as much as possible about the LSQ language
and its culture, both LSQ and French. Now I can easily converse between the four languages.
It’s been about… almost 20 years now that I’ve been immersed in the LSQ circle, and
I feel that they have adopted me. They welcomed me into into their community. ASL or LSQ,
or what ever the issues are, it isn’t so important to me. The issue at hand is Deaf
rights, inclusiveness continuing the various movements that I have been involved in. Through
time however… the lack of ASL services is realized, the Deaf Identity has diminished.
There is no central place to go to so that we can come together, there aren’t any Deaf
Clubs. The infrastructure has changed, schools have closed. Programs have been transferred
the student population has diminished due to the fact that mainstreaming has increased.
Nowadays Deaf individuals are isolated and the community has lost its drive. I had worked
at Mackay and tried to alert them to these issues.>>DAZ: For yourself in your everyday life,
as a Deaf person, are there any—um—issues that you’re currently involved in, some movements
going on here in Quebec. Would you mind explaining…?>>PAMELA: For example, there is an International
Deaf Day in Quebec, I did partake in a collective march. It brings visibility, that we are here.
It’s an annual event I that make a habit of participating in. That’s one example but…
for me as a person, the my involvement in movements, there are two-fold: firstly my
art, and and the eight artist signed an agreement of what De’VIA means through guidelines in
the manifesto. At that time, I knew a bit about De’VIA but
I didn’t realize it’s full extent, I had just a taste of the concept. I had met a personal
mentor, an artist who expressed various frustrations and struggles, they had been through it all…
like growing up when signing was forbidden and such, these experiences that were thrown
out on canvas were very powerful… but for some reason she did not want to show those
pieces in public. She feared judgment by those who may look upon them, but she kept on telling
me how important it to show my Deaf experiences and how I should really express my truth through
art and those words stuck with me. We eventually lost touch but my paintings which were originally
focused more on the feminine spirit started to evolve to focus more on the Deaf Experience.
From that point on, people who viewed my works referred to me as a De’VIA artist. Though
I haven’t been involved with that scene for a while. Actually Canada has an ever growing
network of Deaf artists through organizations like Spill Propagation and Phonocentrism-Deconstruction,
and we have established our own manifesto as activist artists.>>DAZ: They are all Deaf in that group?>>PAMELA: Yes we are 11 Deaf Artists from
across Canada getting together as a strong movement and just like the De’VIA movement
that recently celebrated its 25th anniversary, which I was also featured in that exhibition.
And now, we have a movement here. Europe has its own artistic movement as well. All the
movements are moving forward at the same time. That’s one example of my involvement. Another
project that I have been heavily involved with is an organization called Groupe BWB
that I co-founded 3 years ago along with 2 other Deaf women. What began as a small startup
of just the 3 of us has quickly grown into a network of numerous presenters. Our mission
is to advocate for human rights as well as to educate the public about breaking audism,
service and education without barriers, and such… how to remove the stigma. Now all
of this had to come from somewhere and for us, our mentor was Gary Malkowski who is the
first Deaf MPP from Toronto. He is a well known presenter and very passionate about
bringing awareness to speaking out against ableism as well as speaking against audism
and what it means to provide services without barriers. After my fellow co-founders and
I had our training with Mr. Malkowski, we returned to Quebec to get started on our mission. Really, it has became a high demand and Deaf
people are craving and screaming for information that will bring them a better understanding
of our internal struggles and what our daily frustrations were all about, where they came
from. Finally we were able to put a word to that internal feeling of angst and struggle.
By understanding Ableism and Audism, we’re able to make others aware of these human rights
issues. And today these concepts are quite a hot topic.
Museum for Human Rights built out in Winnipeg, recently opened its doors and I have been
involved on the Accessibility Committee to promote equal access with in museums. This
is an opportunity to make a significant impact across Canada. As equal access applies to
sexism, racism and honestly now is the perfect time to make the public aware of Audism and
how it affects Deaf individuals. Yet it’s still not a term that is widely accepted,
the term is still treated with resistance. It’s actually ironic because you have a
hearing population who is encouraged to teach their baby sign language, and many applaud
the trend, yet when when a child is born deaf, the medical system wants to try to fix the
child there’s no mention to the parents about teaching them sign language to help the language
development of their baby. They delay the process as they solely try to make the child
hear somehow. They discourage signing and focus on a problem that needs to be fixed.
It’s been like that for over 400 years. So our mission is to try to change this by telling
everyone how important it is to sign especially for development.
Yes really with every fiber of me. Everything I do, everything I say, everything I am involved
in, it’s all as part of a movement in one way or another. The way I go about my day
the way, I talk to people and especially in the Deaf community, we are always discussing
the issues that are close to my heart. I’m starting to become focused on the ASL/English
community, in comparison to going back to how it had been when I was growing up. Now
there is no place to go for gatherings. The last five years or so Mackay Center had closed
its location of services, things were changing, they moved and merged with the Montreal Association
of the Blind so really Deaf people felt lost. There is no connection anymore… and the
Montreal Association of the Deaf had become dormant. ASL of Montreal also closed its doors,
they used to teach American Sign Language classes. So much has been lost over the years.
So, right now we’re trying to bring the community back to life. A group of us were
discussing these issues and we decided to try gather the community through hosting monthly
events we are coming up to our second meeting so we’ll see where it will goes from there. I think through spreading the word by our
presentations around to everyone. And, on another societal level, there is also a need
for some protesting from the grassroots…well, “grassroots” people, the grassroots word
itself, I don’t know, well I don’t mean only the grassroots. When I say that word,
what I really mean is the people of the community! People from our community need to work together,
to stand up and to show protest together. A great example of this would be our protest
for the video relay service that has been an ongoing battle for at least five years
and finally we did get a date approving the service to access as of 2015. Now this was
on a national level we work closely with our MNAs our Members of National Assembly, we had to negotiate
with them then they would bring our demands up to the CRTC. Then the MNAs would come back
with their counter offers. Meanwhile we had to get the word out to the community through
vlogs about what the video relay service was. On several occasions during those years, the
local communities also managed to stage nationwide rallies simultaneously. So we had 3 ongoing
initiatives and it was a success.>>DAZ: And you, yourself were involved in
the organization of the event, correct?>>PAMELA: Yes I was involved in the committee
at the beginning because like I said with the ASL/LSQ… you see now, actually that
brings me to another other point that I was talking about. Across Canada in British Columbia
there was a committee that was trying to get in contact with the Deaf Community in Quebec
because they wanted to get the LSQ population involved. But for some reason there was no
response and they had a hard time getting a hold of anybody within that community it
could’ve been a language thing. Maybe they were having a hard time understanding the
language of the email so eventually the BC committee had forwarded the original email
to me and I had translated it into French and sent it off to the LSQ community and I
told the BC committee that I had sent the email. Still there is no reply, not to me
not even to the BC committee so it was quite puzzling, it might be some kind of political
thing behind closed doors, I don’t know. But, really, if everything moved forward on
a national level without involvement from the LSQ community, and if the service is established
only in the ASL language, LSQ community will suffer again. It would not be equally accessible
and there won’t be any services for them. We need to understand that the ASL community
has had previous experience with the VRS system since its been well established in the USA
for quite some time. The LSQ community does not have the similar privilege and experience.
I feel that part of it just has to do with ignorance, and we need to have them understand
how important VRS really is for us. I didn’t know what to do so I contacted a
few my friends and I had told them about the whole situation and we ended up having a lengthy
discussion about what our next step should be. One of the friends who is a LSQ signer,
had said you know what I’m just gonna go ahead and work with you if you would become involved
too. I said, ok, let’s do it. From there, we worked tirelessly together to get as much
information as possible to everyone within the community to inform them about the importance
of this service. So to go back to what I meant by grassroots, I mean people of the communities
need to be the ones taking action and that’s what happened.>>DAZ: So, that is a good example of, eventually,
two linguistic communities working together, right?>>PAMELA: Yes exactly that was a monumental,
the ASL and the LSQ community working together as allies, it really was powerful.>>DAZ: And it was successful, huh!?>>PAMELA: Yes it was successful. But it seems
like when it comes to a national level yes it worked out okay but still on the provincial
scale in Quebec it feels like the community is lost. I quite honestly sometimes feel lost
myself. I don’t know where the community is going. I think from many years of growing
up oppressed. Be it in the school system also being in the ASL community as a minority that’s
been continuously oppressed. I feel that we’ve just given up. I feel that we have become
passive, there’s no fight left in a lot of the community. Of course I don’t mean everyone
there are still probably about 10% of us who are ready to roll up our sleeves to be an
active front then maybe the rest will follow. But it does take time it’s a huge undertaking.
We recently are trying to start over again. The goal would be to see the ASL and LSQ community
come together but is the ASL community currently strong enough for that at this time? Is it
ready for that? I don’t know. Right now, no… it’s going to take some time it’s going to
take training through workshops to inform individuals of their rights as citizens, and
such.>>DAZ: Pamela, let’s look back to what
you were previously explaining… talking about something a certain place that had touched
your very being, that impacted you as a person, where was that? Can you explain that again,
where was that exactly?>>PAMELA: Yeah, hummm… I was explaining
about two different things; one has to do with the being Deaf in the system and the
other one has to do with being ASL/English within Quebec. Now, going back to being Deaf
in the system…I think it was back in the summer of 1993 just after graduating from
high school and there was this Deaf woman, her name was Dr. Tanis Doe . So this woman,
Dr Tanis Doe, was extremely active. She was truly an activist, a feminist, she fought
for Gay and Lesbian rights, she supported the anti-audism movement. Yes she was Deaf,
well, hard of hearing but she communicate in sign language. Anyway she has since passed
which is sad. But at that time when I first saw her, she was hosting the event as a part
of the CAD, Canadian Association of the Deaf youth initiative where they invited only 6
Deaf youths from across Canada to go to this hearing International Youth Seminar in Victoria
Island, at the Pearson College. Yeah, we were all together and we were mingling… it was
quite the experience… I really look up to her. She had adopted a black daughter, she was
a feminist, a rebel, an advocate who spoke out, advocating Deaf issues and for the gay
and lesbian community… yeah, a very strong activist for various left-wing issues. I hadn’t
seen much of that, a Deaf true-blood activist, so, I was really intrigued her. As the conference
continued, there were various organized events but one really stood out. It was a presentation
by a Deaf man by the name of Vincent Chauvet. He spoke about the Deaf experience and the
Deaf Culture. Then he was talking about the Deaf President Now movement which took place
at Gallaudet University. That was the moment I could feel a connection. My whole life I
had never heard about such greatness, because I wasn’t taught about those kind of things
while growing up. And, at that moment, it was mind-blowing and unforgettable. I do remember
that I was just sitting there crying bawling my eyes out in the middle of an audience.
I was just having flashes of all of my internal struggles up to that point. Hearing aids in
my ears, feeling the grief and sorrow, as it surfaced: the identity struggle, the mainstream
experience, the hearing thing, the communication barriers, and all that… That’s when it really
hit me, I decided to take off my hearing aids. I came back home to Quebec a new person…took
out as many books as I could read from and became really immersed in the issues. And
I’ve been that way ever since.>>DAZ: So, reading through…ok…but in
what ways did you bring that impacting experience to Quebec and how?>>PAMELA: When I return to Quebec, hummm…
I started setting up my own workshops. I would initiate group discussions, I also had worked
on an ASL after school program for adults. There were around 30 people who came to talk
about what it was like to grow up in the system and to grow up under the Mackay umbrella.
It was a really emotional experience. At one point, an administrator from Mackay heard
about the meetings and approached me to say that as long as we were on the Mackay property
we were not allowed to speak against the institution. So, it became a taboo and we stop talking
about it. That’s just one of the example to show that as an ASL community there was no
safe place for us to freely express ourselves. Yes… the LSQ community organized an open
forum as they want to set up their own organization, a political organization but they don’t want
the ASL community to be involved. They don’t want the ASL community to have the right to
vote but some of us are trying to tell them how important it is to include the ASL community
at least it would increase their numbers in the power of votes and we can fight together.
But no. It just seems that the mindset of those in charge want only to deal with, as
we say, the “Quebecois Pure Laines”. They only want to be among their own, a very straightforward
kind. So I feel conflicted. On the one hand I see the positive side to this happening
and they have my support yet on the other hand, it goes against my values. Another example, hummm…ASL… yeah, for
example, the recognized language, the recognition of an official language. For the LSQ community
it has been a longstanding dream and battle to have their language recognized as an official
language of Quebec and I supported them in their fight. When I said to them hey, please,
can you include ASL in your request for recognition of official languages because the consequences
of this battle also has an impact on the ASL community existing in and around Montreal.
The LSQ community didn’t say a thing it was as if they didn’t want to discuss it or that
it might take them off course and be a conflict to Bill 101. But Quebec is also in its place
to support Anglophone rights too. So it was just not comfortable. That’s something that
I struggle with. I want to be there to support he LSQ community but at the same time I feel
like the ASL community is weak. They need to be able to stand up and fight…well, maybe
not fight but they need to be present and active in discussions with the LSQ community.
As it stands now, I don’t see anything happening for a while, not really. Maybe I’m wrong, it could be that the ASL
community is more prepared than I think. Maybe if we put it up for debate we might find more
initiative than what I am assuming. Given the opportunity and a space in where everyone
would feel comfortable to express ourselves freely, maybe things could happen. We could
finally have tangible discussions about our rights and ASL identity and such. But I haven’t
given that a chance so I don’t know. It’s funny how in you have the majority of
Deaf LSQ community oppressing the minority Deaf ASL community because of the fact that
the majority of the ASL communities for a long time have oppressed the minority LSQ
communities on a larger scale. It’s a vicious cycle and we really need cut the strings somewhere,
those that are forming this endless web. I try to snip here and there through what it
feels to be ghost web, it’s not working. It seems to me that we would need to work
through issues slowly, a slow flow. I think the essence right now is for the ASL community
is going to have to develop a strong foundation before they are ready to work together as
allies with the LSQ community. Yeah…>>DAZ: So, we’ve spoken about your upbringing,
about your recent endeavours and now, let’s talk about the future. Given the chance to
have a good sit-down discussion with the LSQ and ASL community, what are some of the things
that you would advise them to think deeply of, and watch out for in
the future? Oh, for example, maybe advising them in regards
to their wishes to improve their rights for the better. For example,you’ve witnessed several
advances for the Deaf community, these are successes, but there some battles yet to be
won. Not wanting other activists to repeat some past mistakes, what would you tell them
or caution them against? For the future.>>PAMELA: I’m still trying to figure it out
for myself it’s almost as if the deaf world is in a bubble, its own world doing their
own battles and struggles. I see often the case is the lack of visibility, many hearing
people are not aware of our issues and how we live our life. So… as I was discussing
with the community members, it comes to what it seems… the importance to being part of
others’ battles. Just like you see for First Nation’s rights, the protests on the Economy,
gas line and oil issues, environmental issues, animal rights issues, if the Deaf communities
start getting involved in these other issues then they will become visible as signers and
one day those initiatives that were appreciated and supported will take a turn in being supportive
to the Deaf communities. At the same time… I am feeling concerned,
it makes me wonder if 50 years from now, deaf children are becoming invisible and after
they are all grown up, they finally get in touch with the community and discover sign
languages while having no knowledge of their own history. Tasks that the community takes
on is to repeatedly teach them about our history, our culture… They become overwhelmed, everything
is new for them while the ironic thing is, they are actually Deaf themselves. This same
experience goes on and on in a continuous and repetitive cycle. Now…there is a policy,… no… hummm…
what is it called? Yes, there is a policy preserving old heritage buildings becoming
historical buildings but unfortunately that policy wasn’t established at that time until
around 1960’s or 1965, something like that when a new policy puts a cessation to the
demolitions. Before that, many heritage buildings have been demolished over the years, including
the original Mackay School building. My parents witnessed the tearing down of that great building.
They were devastated. It was their home, it was their family, I had my history within
those walls. Now it’s gone. It’s a familiar story of Deaf Schools. It’s not just an institution,
it’s a precious place where people had gathered to be together and to mingle. Now you have
kids thrown into the mainstream system individually and they are spread far and wide. Technology
has changed. Everything is moving quickly nowadays, with increase stresses in daily
life. Believe me I think the advances in technology are great especially for access to communication
for signers. Hearing people are more interested in learning sign language, open about our
issues and therefore become more involved in the community. That’s great. On the other
side, I have mixed feelings about students being isolated through the mainstream system.
In the next 50 years I don’t know. Now we are continuing our battles.>>DAZ: So, it looks like that hearing people
need to be aware in order to understand our battles…>>PAMELA: Yeah.>>DAZ: What is your dream… of what we will
have in, say, 50 years from now? Not a hope, but a dream of yours. Specifically regarding
the ASL Deaf community, and maybe for all Deaf people all over the province?>>PAMELA: My dream would be to have complete
access in terms of accessibility. I want to see Deaf people fully involved in the society
from a position where they have 100% equality. Deaf individuals can work their way up the
professional ladder and have access to managerial roles as well as administration. I want to
see Deaf people be able to work where ever they want, that they can become a pilot, a
doctor, or such. Zero barriers. I’d also like to see the Deaf education standards improve
because that has an impact on their identity as well. Yeah… and furthermore, I want to
see ASL-LSQ interpreters be more on demand, this would mean that the ASL and LSQ interpreters
to be able to linguistically coexist yet keep their ties to their respective communities.
However, in terms to lobbyism, I want to see them fight alongside each other and work together.
That’s what I’d hope to see, the communities would become more powerful. And, of course,
I am continuing my arts because I feel that art is a powerful medium as well. So, as they say, this is the first LSQ article
to be published in a hearing magazine. See that image? You can go to the website and
click on a link to see the text signed in LSQ. It explains the linguistic minorities
in battle. It give a brief history of Milan among other things. That one example of projects
to what I have been doing these days.>>DAZ: You were saying that you were an activist,
not only through Groupe BWB, but also as an artist and in other ways. You also mentioned
how the population of the ASL-Deaf community in Quebec is dwindling. Suppose a member of
that community asked you for advice for revitalization. They want to plan and organize, do all that
they can to further the community’s rights. What pearls of wisdom would you have for this
person?>>PAMELA: It’s important to have passion
deep down inside, and to believe in successes. Those two things are important.

One Reply to “Quebec on the Move | Deaf Experience(s) in Quebec: Social Activism Across LSQ & ASL Communities”

  • I hope my question doesn't seem random. I have recently been looking at a website called courslsq .net and was wondering if it matters which hand I use in making Quebec Signs? I know your group may not have anything to do with their website but I am having difficulty finding anyone that can answer my question. For example: The man in their instructional video clips may or may not be acting as a mirror to the student. So Im not sure if when he uses his Left hand I should be using my Right. Or perhaps I should do it the way he is in which if he is signing with both hands I use my right and left hands the way he is also using his right and left. Or does it even matter if a person is using specific hands?

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