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Phonics for Kids | Names & Sounds Letters of Alphabet | Learn Short Vowel & Consonant Sounds


the English alphabet has 26 letters
letter sounds change but letter names do not the names of the letters are a b c d e f
g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or z
now let’s learn the sounds of the letters the alphabet is made up of vowels and
consonants the vowels are a e i o u and sometimes y vowels can make many sounds
but we will learn the sounds of the short vowels first say them after me
/a/ /i/ /o/ /u/ the letter Y represents many different
sounds sometimes it represents a vowel sound
and sometimes it represents a sound that is a consonant when letter y is used as a vowel it
often sounds like the various sounds of letters i and e for example rhythm,
cycle, baby, the letter y is usually used as a consonant when it’s at the
beginning of a word for example yellow, yes, yogurt the other letters of the alphabet are
consonants. Consonants also make many sounds but we will learn the short
consonant sounds first now you can say the sounds after me b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k l, m n, p q, r, s, t, v, w, x y, z the letters C and G in the alphabet have
two sounds each the “hard C” sounds /k/ like this the” soft C” sounds like this /s/ the “hard G” sounds like /g/ the “soft G”
sounds like /j/ if the letter following C of G is E, I or Y then C and G make
their soft sounds here are some examples celery,
city. icy, gem, gist, gym if any other letters follow C and G then
they make their hard sounds here are some examples
cat, corn, cut, gas, go, gum now you’ve learnt the short vowel and
consonant sounds you’re ready to start blending the sounds of the letters
together to make words

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