Learn ASL Grammar: Referents (Quick Tip)
August 9, 2019
Oh my gosh.
Wow. So you want to learn ASL
grammar in particular. What
in the world? Our reference, why do you need them and how to use them?
Well, in this video I share some quick tips
on all three of these things coming up. [inaudible] Hey y’all,
Rochelle here helping you to build, strengthen and explode your
ASL skills on this channel. I teach a new signs, help you to practice and share tips
and tricks just like this video. So if you’re new here, please consider
subscribing down in the description box. Below is your personal
invitation to the ASL club, which is the best place to be. And when you join you get access
to the ASL practice. Challenge of goodness. Just for you is write down
in the description box. Take a kid, kid, kid. First of all, what in the world? Our reference. Quick reference on the signs you use
to refer back to the main topic or the subtopic. Think of them as
pronouns in English grammar. So here you can see I’ve got
a couple of sentences here. Now up in pink there’s time,
topic, comment and topic comment. But down here below in the black. If you can see the word reference is
sprinkled around now while time topic comment is the basic sentence structure, it’s really helpful to know
where the reference should go. Now these four outlines are some places
where you can place the reference. Now you may see these when
you’re first learning ASL, you see some examples sentences
on paper and you’re like, what in the world are they doing? Why are there so many eyes
in one short sentence? For example, store. I go, I do like, I just don’t even
get it. There’s two eyes. It’s totally overkill, right,
and in this short of a sentence, it kind of is how whatever. However you’re signing in the real world, are you just going to blast out a random
sentence like this and then just take off in the real world, you’re going to have a conversation before
you’re going to sign story. I go awry. You are going to have some
kind of conversation before
that that leads up to it. And you might even have conversation
after you sign this one sentence, which means you’re going to have a lot
of other things you’re talking about that’s happening. Different topics for
different sentences, different ideas, different thoughts, different topics.
Did you catch that? Different topics, which means you’re gonna
have more than one reference. So if you plop this same sentence
in the middle of a conversation, those two eyes are no longer overkill.
Okay? Let me explain just a little bit more. Asl is unique in that it’s 100% visual. It’s spatial, okay? It’s out here. You set up things here and talking
about Johnny here, grandma here, the library here, the doctor here,
the store. We’re hear me, hear you, hear you.
You’re setting it up in space. You’re setting up different places
in English and spoken languages. The languages linear. It’s just words coming out of your
mouth or word on a paper in a line. You’re not setting it up in space. It’s
just boop, boop, boop, boop. In the line, in the Linus linear.
If I were to sign in a linear fashion, just linear, blah, linear, just word up,
sign up for Santa’s, sign up to sign, not moving, not referencing anything.
Your message is going to be really muddle, really confused me.
You’re going to misunderstand. Tons of stuff is going to be really
hard to know what in the world you’re signing. Are we talking about
Johnny Grandma, the book, the desk Sunday? What are we talking
about? Ebola, what? What’s happening? And I’m not exaggerating. Okay,
I’m not exaggerating and okay, so if you’re using your reference
and you’re like, okay, we’re shell, I’ll use reference. But if you’re
not using your reference correctly, your message is still going to be muddled. Now let’s take a look at this sentence. I’ve got a couple of sentences
to illustrate my point.
So here’s the sentence. Johnny bought grandma desk on Sunday and
here I have broken it down into time, topic,
comment and the reference. And you can see you’ve got Sunday and
I’ve got the main topic is desk and the comment is Johnny, grandma and
buy. So we’ve got one topic, we’ve got two people and
now we have three reference. He is Johnny, she is grandma. It is desk. Now let’s go put it all together. This is what it would look like in sign
language Sunday because that’s time Sunday. Johnny, he, so we’re
pointing right back to Johnny. We’re letting us know Johnny on Sunday. Johnny is the one that’s doing whatever
follows. So senate Sunday, Johnny, he, because I could follow
this up with anything else, but we’re pointing to heat so that my
audience knows I’m talking about Johnny in the next,
the next sign or signs, Sunday Johnny heat desk by she grandma. He give shape. Now that might sound really confusing,
but when you sign it, it’s not I promise. Sunday Johnny he desk by she grandma, he gives it to her. So in this
instance I’m setting up to people. I’m sending Johnny up to my left Sunday, Johnny he desk by she grandma. I’m pointing to where she is
and I’m saying this is grandma. You could also do grandma.
She, so I’m setting up her spot and then I’m
going to take the desk from Johnny and give it to grandma. So now it’s
perfectly clear what’s going on. Johnny bought a desk. Here’s
grandma, he gave it to grandma Kay. Without that spacial arrangement,
the sentence isn’t going to be as clear, but if I set it up, Johnny here,
grandma here, he’s giving her the desk. It’s super clear what’s happening.
You know like oh I totally get it. Okay.
Even if you miss some signs there, you know John and gave something to
grandma. Okay, here is another sentence. Okay. If you have a compound
sentence like this one, I’m going to the library
tomorrow to buy to, excuse me, I’m going to the library
tomorrow to get a new book. You’ll have more than one topic here.
Library and book are both topics. It’s important to make sure that both
the library and the book are referred to separately.
If we went on with this example, if we added more to this example and
said, I love it, it’s my favorite. Okay, so what’s your favorite? The book
or The library or both? Just seeing this. You might think, well,
obviously it’s the book. Well actually I meant the library
is my favorite that I love, but since I signed it,
after I talked about borrowing a new book, you thought I meant the book.
In fact, I hate the book. Okay, so let’s see how you would sign this.
Let’s put it all together. How you would actually sign this
to make it clear. Tomorrow Library, I go book new, borrow library it my favorite.
I Kiss, visit now I’m referring to the library. I’m going tomorrow library. I go book new fall. Then I say library and point to it again
because I didn’t set it up in the first part of the sentence. Now if I did,
if I went tomorrow, library it, I go book new borrow. I could just point right back to
that spot and not sign library again. It my favorite like case fest it. Now I’m going to point to myself again. I kiss it so it’s extra clear that it’s
me that loves and adores the library. Now. Okay, say we hate
the book low the book. Maybe it’s just really boring.
Really Boring. It’s the good earth. Well, I’m still scarred from
when I had to read that as a kid. So if I don’t say what’s boring, if I don’t refer back to the book,
you might be confused because you’re like, I thought you loved the library.
Now you’re saying it’s boring. You mean you like to be bored or are
you talking about something else? So this we would go tomorrow library, I go book new borrow
library it my favorite, I kissed Vista, book it and I’m going to point
to a different spot it boring. And then obviously in the real world
I would probably continue going on and explaining and talking about the book
and saying, Oh no, I really need to go. That’s why I need to go to the library
and get a new book because this one was boring or whatever it is. Okay. So I
love the library and hate the book. So without reference, this entire
conversation would be convoluted, unclear and confusing and you’d be like,
peace out. I’m out of here. This is dumb. I’m finding somebody else to talk to, get comfortable with reference
and use them. I encourage you, if you want some more examples to
check out my other grammar videos, my basic sentence structure video,
my ASL sentence, and I think there’s some more grammar
videos up here on the corner that you can so you can see reference and action so I
can get a clearer picture of how to use them,
as well as download the free workbooks. Those both of those videos have so
you can practice reference on your own question at the day, what further videos
would you like to see from me about ASL? What do you want to learn? Tell me,
tell me. Tell me. Tell me, tell me. Thank you so much for watching.
If this video was helpful for you at all, please consider liking subscribing
and leave me a comment down below. Thank you again so much for watching
Asl Rochelle helping you to become a signing into, I’ll see
you later. [inaudible] okay,
I need to stop.