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How To Learn Sign Language


There are so many long
and complicated words that relate to applying for and getting a job in the U.S. Today we’ll study them and I’ll make sure you know the pronunciation. I’ll give you pronunciation tips as we go and you’ll learn about
how certain suffixes, like the T-I-O-N suffix, affects stress. I want to get you excited
for a new YouTube course that I’m launching next week. It’s a 10 video course on
getting a job in the U.S. I’ve interviewed several
experts that will help us figure out exactly how to put together your best cover letter and
resume, how to interview, and finally, how to follow-up
and negotiate your salary. And even if you’re not
looking for a job in the U.S., I’ll put an English lesson into each video and you’ll study how
to talk about yourself and your work history,
which can be really useful outside of a job interview as well. So, for 10 weeks starting
next week, this new course, which is part of a new
YouTube program called YouTube Learning, we’ll be filling you up with the best tips for getting a job. I can’t wait to get
started on it with you. To help us get ready, let’s dive into Job Application and
Interview Vocabulary. An application is what
you might need to fill out when you want to be considered for a job, depending on the job. Some jobs require you to
fill out an application, some require you to send in
a cover letter, resume or CV, and some require that
you do all of the above. The most common pronunciation of the T-I-O-N ending is
S-H, sh, schwa-N, shn. And that’s how it’s pronounced here, shn. Application. Shn. Always unstressed, said quickly. With this suffix, stress
is just before the suffix, so the second to last syllable. In this word, that’s the third syllable. Application, appli kay shun, application. Say that with me, application. People who are applying for a
job can be called applicants. The word is similar, but
the stress is different. Now it’s on the first
syllable, applicants. Say that with me, applicants. Background, this is
something you might get asked about in a job interview. It means, what led you
to where you are now. Your education and other job experience. The K will not be released,
background, background, k k k, it will be pronounced background. Back ground, a quick stop of air for the K, then the G R cluster. Background, compound words
like this have stress on the first word, so back, background. Background, say that with me, background. Benefits, this is what
the employer offers to you in addition to your payment. For example, does your job
come with health insurance, a discount on products offered, a pension or a retirement plan? These are all benefits. This is a three syllable word with stress on the first syllable, benefits. Career, this is your life’s work. All your working life
in a given kind of job. Some people will switch careers. That means they choose to do
something totally different from what they’ve been
doing, totally different from what they’ve been trained in. She’s a social worker,
but she’s changing careers and going to school to be a nurse. Words with the E E R suffix have stress on the suffix, the final syllable. Career, career, say that with me, career. If you complete a particular training, you might get a
certificate, a certification or say you’re certified. These all have different stress. Certificate, stress is
on the second syllable. Certification, we already
know with that suffix, that stress is on the
second to last syllable, so that’s the fourth syllable. Certification, but if you say, I’m an Apple certified trainer, certified, then you’ll put stress
on the first syllable. Certificate, certification, certified. Now, what happens to the T. It’s a flap T except for certificate where it starts the stressed syllable. T is always a true T when it
starts a stressed syllable, but in the other two words, it’s a flap T because it doesn’t start
a stressed syllable and it comes after an R, before a vowel, erta, ser dadada, certified. Certified. Certificate, certification, certified. Say those with me, certificate, certification, certified. Compensation, this is what you get paid. Salary or hourly wage. It’s a T-I-O-N ending word, what does this tell you about stress? Stress will be on the
second to last syllable. Compen say shun, compensation, say that with me. Compensation, cover letter. Many jobs will ask you to
send this along with a resume when you’re applying for a job. It should all fit on one page
and it introduces yourself. It tells the employer some
things that your resume can’t. As part of the Getting
a Job in the US course, we have a full video
dedicated to how to write an effective cover letter
where we interview people who’ve done a lot of hiring. Be sure you watch that video,
there are some key things to pay attention to as you write. Cover letter, the double
T here is a flap T because it comes between two vowels. Cover letter, both end in an
ending unstressed R sound. Keep it simple and fast,
er er er, cover, letter. Cover letter, say that
with me, cover letter. CV and resume, CV stands for
this longer Latin phrase, which is pronounced in
American English two ways. Curriculum vie tee, or curriculum vee tie, we almost never say that,
it’s always just CV. And whenever something is
referred to by initials, we stress the last letter,
CV, V is more stressed than C. CV, CV, smoothly linked together
like it’s a single word. CV, a CV is different from a resume in that it will be longer
and have more detail. For most jobs in the US,
you’ll submit a resume, which is a summary of your work history with bullet points of
achievements or responsibilities. Putting together an
affective, easy to read resume is a crucial part of
getting a job interview, so in our Getting a Job in the US course, we’ll dedicate a whole
video to do’s and don’ts for your resume to make sure
it lands in the yes pile. In resume, notice the
letter S makes a Z sound. Resume, resume, say these with me, CV, resume. Employee, employer, employs,
employed , employment. These all have the same stress on ploy. However, employee can have
stress on the third syllable. Both pronunciations are correct. Employee or employee, let’s
say them all with stress on the second syllable,
employee, employer, employs, employed, employment. Say those with me, employee, employer, employs, employed, employment. Fired, let go, laid off, these are ways to talk about the tricky situation in which your employer terminated you. Fired implies that you did
something wrong or poorly. Laid off implies that the
employer had to cut jobs to save money, so not really your fault. Let go, I think you could
use this for either case. A potential employer is
going to want to know why you left your previous jobs. You’ll want to study how to
talk about these transitions before you go in for a job interview. Don’t worry, I have you covered on that in the Getting a Job in America Course. I’ll interview some experts who have great advice about this. Fired, it’s tricky, it’s
the I as in by diphthong followed by R, fi er, I er, fired. A light D sound at the end, fired. Let go, a stop T here
because the next word begins with a consonant, let go. Laid off, connect the two
words with the D, laid off. Laid off, say all of these with me. Fired, let go, laid off, follow up. This is what you’ll want
to do after your interview. Send a follow up email
thanking them for their time and showing excitement for the position. Follow up, say that with me, follow up. Hire, well, I hope you are the new hire. I hope you do get hired. This word rhymes with fire, I diphthong R. Hire, hired, say those with me, hire, hired. Hobby, this is something
that doesn’t relate to work. It’s something you do outside
of work as an interest. And in the US, a potential
employer might ask you about hobbies to get a feel for
what kind of person you are. What are your hobbies? Well, I love going to the opera and the performing arts in general. Hobby, hobbies, say those with me, hobby, hobbies. HR, this stands for human resources and just like CV, stress
is on the last letter. This is the department that, at a company, takes care of all the hiring of employees, helping them with benefits,
problems with others at work, and so on, so if you submit
an application for the job, the first person to reach out to you will likely be someone from HR. Say that with me, HR. Internship, this is when a
student or someone who has recently graduated works for
a short and specific amount of time for a company or
organization to gain experience. Some of them are unpaid. Let’s also talk about the word interview, which is when an employer
invites you in to ask questions and get to know you more as he
or she considers hiring you. This is often done in
person, but it can be done over the phone or computer. Internship, interview, they’re
both three syllable words with stress on the first syllable. They both begin with I-N-T-E-R, but the pronunciation can be different. With interview, innerview,
interview, innerview, we can drop the T after the N. To say it that way sounds
natural, with a T or with no T. You can do either one,
innerview, interview. Both are acceptable and
common pronunciations. This is true when T comes
after N, it can be dropped. But not in internship,
there we never drop the T, so it’s an exception to the
rule about dropping T after N if it doesn’t start a stressed syllable. Internship, internship, we
have to have that true T. Say that with me, internship, innerview or interview. Say those with me, innerview, interview. To practice for your interview, you’ll definitely want
to do a mock interview. This is when you work with somebody who will pretend to
interview you for the job. Practicing can make a huge
difference in performance. And this is something
we’ll talk about a lot in the Getting a Job in the US course. Mock, here the letter O makes
the ah as in father sound. Mock, mock interview, say
that with me, mock interview. Job description, this is
usually about a paragraph and it’s written up by the employer. Maybe someone in HR to
describe the open position, the job that’s available. You’ll want to use the job description when you’re working on your resume, and we’ll talk about that in the video on writing your absolute best resume, coming up in a few weeks in the Getting a Job in the US course. Job, the O is pronounced as
the ah as in father vowel. Description ends in T-I-O-N,
so which syllable is stressed? Second to last, description,
job description. Say that with me, job description. Occupation, this is another word for job and another word that ends
in the T-I-O-N suffix. Where’s stress? Second to last syllable, occupation. Say that with me, occupation. Onboarding, what does this mean? Some organizations use
it to mean the process of getting you started with
your job after you’re hired. It will likely involve some
paperwork, some training, maybe shadowing another employee. That means watching him or her work. Stress on the first syllable, onboarding. Say that with me, onboarding. Organization, non-profits
call themselves organizations to help differentiate
them from businesses. Another T-I-O-N word, so again, stress will be on the
second to last syllable. It doesn’t matter how many
syllables there are in the word, stress will always be second
from the end with this suffix. Organization, organa zay shun, organization. Say that with me, organization. Posting, opening, position. These are words that are used
to describe an available job. If you here the phrase,
“We filled the position”, that means somebody else was
already hired for that job. Posting, opening, position,
say those with me. Posting, opening, position. Did you notice T-I-O-N ending, pu zi shun. Stress second syllable from the end. Recruiter, this is someone who helps an employer find employees. You may be happily working at your job, and the a recruiter contacts you and says, “I think you’d be great for
this position at this company.” And you can think about
if you want to apply. Or you might contact a recruiter
if you’re tired of your job and you want a new
challenge, to let them know you’re looking for a change. Recruiter, this word is
pretty tricky, isn’t it? It’s got an R in each syllable. Slow it down, re croo ter. Notice the flap T, just a
quick bounce of the tongue on the roof of the mouth,
der, der, der, recruiter. Recruiter, say that with me, recruiter. Reference, if someone is
considering hiring you, they’ll likely want to
check your references. This can be past employers
or maybe a college professor or a family friend if you’re just starting out in your career. So you should have a short list of people you’ve already gotten permission from and their contact information to hand out to potential employers when
they ask for references. Reference, it looks like
it’s three syllables, but Americans will usually
pronounce this as just two. Ref rence, reference,
or three if it’s plural. References, reference, references. Say those with me, reference, references. Resign and move on, these are another way that you can say you quit. So this isn’t when you are fired
when it wasn’t your choice, but when it was your choice. You left because you started a new job, or wanted to take time off. You can say, I resigned after five years or, after five years,
I decided to move on. Resign, the letter S makes the
Z sound just like in resume. Resign, move on, say those with me, resign, move on. Salary, this is a fixed
amount that you’ll be paid for your job and it doesn’t depend exactly on how many hours you work. Hourly is the opposite, there you’re paid an hourly rate for each hour you work. Salary, hourly, both with
first syllable stress. Say those with me, salary, hourly. If you see the phrase salary
band, that means the pay range. For a position, the
salary band might be set by the organization and
it would be impossible to negotiate for more money
above the salary band. Next week you’ll see your first video in the Getting a Job in the US course which focuses on networking. Having a connection to
the place you want to work will greatly increase your
chances of getting hired. So next week, we’ll focus
on building connections before diving into resumes,
cover letters and interviews. If you know anyone who’s looking for work, or who’s thinking about looking for work, be sure to let them know this is coming. It’s really useful information. If you loved this vocabulary
video and you wanna see other vocabulary collections
like clothing or cars, click here for the playlist. Thanks for sticking with me guys. What’s the most interesting
thing you learned in this video? Let me know in the comments below. That’s it and thanks so much
for using Rachels English. If you wanna see my absolute
latest video, click here. If you’re new to the channel, check out this where to start playlist. Click here to subscribe, I make new videos on American English every Tuesday. To be sure we can keep in touch, click here to sign up for my newsletter. You’ll get free lessons
in your inbox every week.


  • Train with me LIVE every month / 15 Full Courses / Exclusive Facebook Group!

  • Great video! I'll have an internship interview the day after tomorrow. I hope you can make a video to teach how to answer behavioral based questions. I am not good at using the verb tense. Thank you, Rachel!

  • I so excited to watch your video, I enjoyed it,,,,, my logo that I raised its" you are always the best "

  • Hi Rachel, great video! I'm back. Imma keep up with your latest videos! You are a great helper! โœŒ๐Ÿป

  • Difficult to see/read white colored fonts. It'll be easier for us if you change its color. Thanks!

  • I think I know the answer, but I was hoping to hear a definition of the phrase "crush the interview" at some point during the video. Great job though !

  • The timing couldn't be better than this!!! I'm graduating in June and videos about interview and resume is valuable. I'm looking forward to watching the videos.

  • I wish I take off ๐Ÿ˜‚so I can see all your video but I can see it on Friday ๐Ÿ˜and thank you so much

  • Hello Rachel ๐Ÿ™‚
    It's a great video just like the others. It 's strange to me, that resume and CV not completely the same. ๐Ÿ™‚

  • Hi Rachel…i have 4 points in my comment , first …i noticed that you look different today so pls confirm that you are ok dear?
    Second …i like to share you a funny thing about me , i nearlly do not understand %50 of the video because your explanation is in english and there is no translation but i insist to watch all your videos till the end ,and i do not know why

    Third …your choice about the subject of today video is excellent, i salute

    Forth …pls forgive me if there any mistakes in my comment as i still anew student

  • Thank you so much for this amazing video Rachel. One of the best (if not the best) videos I've ever seen in almost 25 years studying English!

  • Thank you so much, Rachel! In my opinion, the answer to your question is: The main interesting part of this video is how to pronounce the words correctly, that is, all in the video!

  • Rachel you can make a video of the pronunciation of these words: โ€œNow, No, Know, Knew, Newโ€?!

  • So practical, pragmatic,and real life vocab. Many Egyptians know many of these words even without knowing how to speak English

  • Hi Rachel as always it's a pleasure to watch your videos
    You're amazing teacher and your classes are fantastic and very helpful I learn a lot from them
    Thanks so much my dear teacher ๐Ÿ˜‰ and have a great week

  • Hi miss Rachel, I'm from Iran. please slowly speak English(Because of slow learning).Some users (for example, users like me) like not to use subtitles.Your video tutorials are really great.Thank you so much.Good luck miss Rachel.

  • ํƒœํด์€ ์•„๋‹™๋‹ˆ๋‹ค๋งŒ ๋ท”์˜ ์–ผ๊ตด์„ ์• ๊ธฐํ• ๋•Œ "๋™์–‘์—์„œ ๋‚˜์˜ค๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“  ~" ์ด๋ž€ ํ‘œํ˜„์„ ๋งŽ์ด ์“ฐ๋Š”๋ฐ ์„œ์–‘์ธ์˜ ์–ผ๊ตด๊ตฌ์กฐ์˜ ํŠน์ง•์€ ๋†’์€ ์ฝ”๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” "๋ˆˆ์˜ ์œ„์น˜"์— ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค…! ์„œ์–‘์ธ์€ ๋ˆˆ์˜ ์œ„์น˜๊ฐ€ ๋‚ฎ๊ณ  ์›€ํ‘น ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ๋™์–‘์ธ์€ ๋ˆˆ์˜ ์œ„์น˜๊ฐ€ ์œ„์— ์žˆ๊ณ  ์ข€ ๋” ๋Œ์ถœ๋˜ ์žˆ์ฃ (์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท ๊ฒ€์ƒ‰ํ•ด๋ดค์–ด์š”) … ! ๋ˆˆ์„ ๋ณด์•˜์„๋•Œ ๋ท”๋Š” " ์ž˜์ƒ๊ธด ๋™์–‘์ธ์ด ๋งž์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค~! " ์ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ธ€์„ ์“ด ์ด์œ ๋Š” ๊ฐ€๋”๊ฐ€๋‹ค ์ž์‹ ์ด ๋™์–‘์ธ์ด๋ฉด์„œ ๋ชป์ƒ๊ธด ๋˜ฅ์–‘์ธ ์ด๋ผ ํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ๋น„ํ•˜ํ•˜๊ณ  ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์ง‘ ์‹๊ตฌ๋“ค์€ ์„œ์–‘์ธ ๋‹ฎ์•„ ์ž˜ ์ƒ๊ฒผ๋‹ค๋Š” ๋‘ฅ ๋ง์–ธ์„ ํ•˜์‹œ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๋งŽ์•„ ์“ฐ๋Š” ๊ฒ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค… ! ์™ธ๊ตญ์„œ ์‚ด์•„๋ดค์ง€๋งŒ ์„œ์–‘์ธ๋“ค์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ๋‹ค ์ž˜์ƒ๊ธฐ์ง„ ์•Š์•˜์–ด์š” ์˜คํžˆ๋ ค ์–ผ๊ตด์— ๊ฐˆ์ƒ‰์ฃผ๊ทผ๊นจ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์ด ์žˆ๊ณ  ๋ˆˆ์น๋„ ๋จธ๋ฆฌ์ƒ‰์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์˜…์€ ๊ฐˆ์ƒ‰์ด๊ณ  ํ”ผ๋ถ€๊ฐ€ ์–‡๊ณ  ํ•ด์„œ ๋‚˜์ด๋“ค์–ด ๋ณด์ด๊ณ  ํฌ๋ฏธํ•˜๊ฒŒ(?) ์ƒ๊ธด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๋„ ์žˆ์–ด์š” —์˜๊ตญ์˜ ์œ ๋ช… ํŒ๊ฐ€์ˆ˜ "์—๋“œ ์‹œ๋Ÿฐ"์„ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋ฉด ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค( ์—๋“œ์‹œ๋Ÿฐ์ด ๋ชป์ƒ๊ฒผ๋‹ค๋Š” ์• ๊ธด ์•„๋‹™๋‹ˆ๋‹ค–๊ท€์—ฝ๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๊ฒผ์ฃ  ์—๋“œ์‹œ๋ŸฐํŒฌ๋“ค!) ์ž˜์ƒ๊ธฐ๊ณ  ์ด์œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„ ํ˜ผํ˜ˆ์•„๋“ค์ธ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค–!!

  • Salary band. This one I never heard and never used before. Well, I will wait for your next video of this course. Thank you.

  • Hey, Rachel, you got me a job, actually…
    As an English teacher.

    The amount of useful vocabulary, especially that you're so focused on pronunciation, and your amazing attitude helped me reach the C1 level and pass the exam – was enough to get the job.

    Thank you!
    Forever in my heart, girl!

  • Hi Rachel….. it's a good chance for everyone to be a teacher in Eng in America…… I hope to listen to ur lessons….. Thx Rachel…

  • The most interesting thing I learned from this video is HR, it stands for Human Resources, I hadnโ€™t known it before but Iโ€™ve heard it several times. ๐Ÿ˜‚

  • This video was very useful for pronunciation.๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘Œ๐Ÿ‘Œ๐Ÿ‘Œ๐Ÿ‘Œ๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜

  • Hello Rachel how are you. Thank you to for your help in English learning. If everybofy help the other is very good.

  • Hello my professor

  • Thank you so much for teaching I love you video from Thailand โค๏ธโœŒ๏ธโค๏ธ

  • I had a job interview today and I got the job! I was so nervous and kinda stressed but hopefully everything went great. This video and the older ones that you have about job interviews were really helpful. Thank you Rachel for all your effort ๐Ÿ˜Š

  • Hello, our dear teacher what is the true answer for this question (Egypt's energy supply…………. increase after discovering a new natural gas field in Sinai. A) will be. B) has. C) is going to. D) will please respond to my question and tell me the reason of the choice and thanks slot.

  • Please make lesson about SEXUAL LIving very important vocabulary. Senegalese l am and love so much USA and you! Thanks!Pape.

  • Hi rachel english iam a new student ,Ihave a question about vocabulary ,what is the best way to improve vocabulary memorize or listen every day?

  • Hello, Rachel.
    In description below the video you have the sentnece in Russian: "ะฃะปัƒั‡ัˆะตะฝะธะต ะฟั€ะพะธะทะฝะพัˆะตะฝะธั ะฐะผะตั€ะธะบะฐะฝัะบะพะณะพ ะฐะฝะณะปะธะนัะบะพะณะพ ัะทั‹ะบะฐ".
    I'm Russian and i don't want to bother you but this sentence really doesn't sound naturally.
    If translate it to English it will be like: "Improving pronunciation of American English launguage".
    Mb would be better to modify it to: "ะฃะปัƒั‡ัˆะธั‚ัŒ ะฟั€ะพะธะทะฝะพัˆะตะฝะธะต ะฐะผะตั€ะธะบะฐะฝัะบะพะณะพ ะฐะฝะณะปะธะนัะบะพะณะพ"

  • Hi teacher thank you so much for everything you do for us, I hope so you can do video about the citizenship questions and how we should answer them, your student from Morocco lives in USA.

  • From Egypt. Hi Rachel, I will build network, quit, find an opening position, know job description, update my resume, write a cover letter, do a mock interview, submit an application, meet an employer, negotiate salary, and if I did it, I will donate 10 Dollars. A promise.

  • A nazar is an eye-shaped amulet believed to protect against the evil eye. Albanian … In Turkey, it is known by the name nazar boncuฤŸu ( the latter word being a derivative of boncuk, " bead …๐Ÿงฟ

  • Now i love you Racheal….my youtube elite lady…๐Ÿ˜˜๐Ÿ˜˜๐Ÿ˜˜๐Ÿ’ƒ๐Ÿ’ƒ๐Ÿ’ƒ

  • Thanks as always. You hit the spot Rach!. Iโ€™ve learned two new words. Internship and recruiter. Merci beaucoup.

  • Youโ€™re the best teacher Iโ€™ve ever seen on this social media. Iโ€™m from Colombia, and the most interesting part of this video was the vocabulary Iโ€™ve just learned a moment ago. God bless you, Rachel to moon and back.

  • Hello,thanks a million.I want to ask a question why we drop t in words like cener and keep it in words like central and both of them followed the rule t after n

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