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How To Learn Sign Language

How to Write Cursive 5 – Descender Letters j, g, q, y, z

Hello everyone. Welcome to the fifth
video on cursive lowercase letters. Today we will cover all the descender
letters. Those are the letters with lower loops And they can look very elegant if
you make them on the correct proportion and consistent slant angle. To make a
descender, first you need to find the x height and the descender follows the main slant
all the way to the bottom before turning into an exit stroke. Pay attention to
where the up stroke crosses the stem the loop crosses the stem at approximately
the base line. The point of intersection is the same for all descender letters
and hopefully you can recognize it in other letters in that will soon
follow. Notice that the shape of the loop is not symmetric it is shaped like a
raindrop to lend an organic feel. If you add a dot at approximately 2/3 of a
space above the x height you get a lowercase “j.” apparently the dot should be
positioned on the main slant. The down stroke follows a uniform heavy pressure
until it is reaching the bottom. Just before it reaches the bottom, you should
reduce the pressure to create the descender loop. If you’ve seen my earlier videos
you should be able to recognize that the down stroke is heavy and the upstroke is
light. Notice that the pressure doesn’t change suddenly and the speed is not
constant. As you are reaching the bottom you should reduce the speed as well as
the pressure. Just like when you are driving a car, you need to slow down
before making a u-turn before you can speed up again. Pay attention to how my
speed and pressure vary together One common mistake is to turn the stem into a curve This causes the letter to look wiggly
and unnatural even if it’s positioned on the main Also be especially careful where the loop crosses the stem If it crosses too early these results in a very narrow loop On the contrary, if you cross the
stem too late, the loop may be too large In addition to the intersection point,
you should also pay attention to the width of the loop. If the width is too
narrow, the letter will likely be too crampy On the other hand if the loop is
too widem it causes the letter to take too much spacem and of course the width
of the loop depends on the upper part of the letter as well. And because lowercase
“j” is a skinny letter, I’d like to keep the loop slightly narrower. Anyway, those
are the points you should keep in mind when you practice descender letters because they generally apply to all descender parts The lowercase “g” has two parts. The first
part is the same as the lowercase “a” and the second part is just the regular descender.
Both the closed counter and the descender should be positioned on the
main slant. And there is nothing surprising about the distribution of
pressure. The first part is identical to that of lowercase “a,” and we’ve just
talked about how to write the descender part. So if you’ve been following my
earlier videos you should find it very easy. Many of the new letters are simply
composed by reusing old components One thing you should be careful with is not to
make the counter too flat and pointy On the other hand, it also doesn’t look nice
to make the counter too full and circular Also pay attention that the stem should
not extend above the x-height Some people like to do it and if you really
want to do it try to make it beautiful And last but not least, the two parts
should be completed in one single stroke because if you write it separately the
letter might be broken into two separate parts And don’t forget to avoid all the
descender mistakes we just mentioned earlier The descender should not be a spline. The crossing point should not be too early or too late. The width of the
loop should not be too narrow or too wide And because the upper part of
lowercase “g” is wider than “j’s” I suggest that you make the descender slightly wider The lowercase “q” is a special case
because its descender doesn’t have to cross the stem, and when it does cross
the stem I found it easier to connect to other letters. In both cases, both the
counter and the descender should be positioned on the main slant, and the
pressure variation follows the same pattern Before you reach the bottom line,
you should reduce both the speed and pressure. Just like in regular descender,
the stem is a stem and should not be turned into a curve. Once subtile point to
pay attention to is that the exit stroke should not be separated too far, this will result in a triangular shape instead of a slender and vertical form Also pay attention that the turning point should be smooth By the way, in the easier
variation you can actually ignore the descender and finish the letter with
a stem. I often use this form when I’m taking class note because it helped
me write quickly The lowercase “y” it is an easy one. The
first part is identical to lowercase “u” and the second part is just replaced
by a regular descender. Everything has been covered before. Just pay attention
that both the short stem and the long stem should follow the main slant.
Similarly the heavy pressure is distributed on both the short stem and
long stem, while the entry stroke and the exit stroke are light pressured, and
hopefully you have remembered all the key points about descender: the stem
should be straight, and the crossing point should not happen too early or too late,
and the width of the loop should not be too wide or too narrow Similar to lowercase “q,” the lowercase “y” has
a simpler form where you can just ignore the descender loop. This variation is much
easier and helps me a lot when I need to write fast. Just don’t do it on lowercase
“g” or “j.” Give it a try and you will understand why. The lowercase “d” is probably
the most difficult letter today because it doesn’t have a stem and
everything is a curve. It has two strokes and every stroke can be considered as
part of an oval. What makes it even more difficult is that every curve follows
the same slant. The distribution of pressure follows the same pattern
The two down strokes follow heavy pressure and the entry and exit strokes
follow light pressure. As I mentioned earlier, both curve should follow the
same slant. This is very important because if they follow separate slants,
even if the slant angles are correct the letter still breaks down like a disaster.
For comparison you can see how the letter gets destroyed completely when
the slants diverge. Another thing to pay attention to is that the entry and the
exit strokes should be approximately parallel, otherwise the letter may look
like a triangle By now you have learned every descender
letter from the alphabet. Before you start practicing, make sure you do at
least five minutes of muscular movement exercise, which can help warm up your
hand and get the most out of your practice session. If you find this video
helpful please support my channel like this video and subscribe for more
original content. If you have any question feel free to ask in the comment
section below. I’ll try to answer all questions personally. In the next video
we will study all the ascender letters and finish all the remaining lowercase
letters in the cursive alphabet.

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