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Diabetes and the body | Diabetes UK

In this film we’re going to explain how
your body processes the food you eat in order to provide all your body cells
with the energy they need, and also what happens when you have
diabetes and this system doesn’t work properly.
When you eat food that contains carbohydrate it’s broken down in the stomach and
digestive system into glucose, which is a type of sugar. sugar. We need glucose from food because that’s what gives us energy. Carbohydrate containing foods are things like starchy foods, sugary foods, milk, and some dairy products and fruit. This glucose then moves into the bloodstream and the body detects that the blood glucose level is rising. In response to that the pancreas, which is a little gland
that sits just underneath the stomach, starts to release a hormone called
insulin and it’s insulin that helps our body get the energy from the food we eat. The blood stream then takes the glucose and the insulin to every cell in our body that needs it. To make this easier to understand let’s
look at muscle cells. At the muscle cells it’s insulin that allows the glucose to get into the
cells where it can be used for energy. It’s a bit like insulin is a key
unlocking the door to the cells so the glucose can get in. That way, the blood glucose levels starts to drop but the blood glucose level can be topped up
at any point by the liver releasing extra glucose that it has stored. The blood glucose rises again, and again, the pancreas produces more
insulin to move with that glucose through the bloodstream to the muscle
cells, open the doors and let the glucose in. The body functions best with the blood glucose at an optimum level. It doesn’t like it if the blood glucose rises too high. Normally there’s a cycle within the body which balances out the glucose and the insulin level and this is achieved the food you eat, the pancreas and the
liver. However in some people the system
doesn’t work properly and they develop diabetes. There are two main types of diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2. In Type 1 diabetes the body isn’t making any insulin at all. This is because of an autoimmune response whereby the body has destroyed the insulin
producing cells in the pancreas. We don’t entirely know why that happens in some people and not in others. Type 1 diabetes
accounts for about 10 per cent of all cases. It’s most often found in the in the
under 40s and it’s by far the most common type of
diabetes found in childhood. In Type 1 diabetes the carbohydrate-containing food is turned into glucose as normal. That glucose then moves into the bloodstream. Normally the body would produce insulin to let that glucose into the cells but because into the cells but in Type 1 diabetes there is no insulin being produced so
the glucose can’t get into the body cells at all, so the level of glucose in the blood rises and rises. The body tries to lower
the level of glucose, it tries to get rid of the glucose through the kidneys. That’s why people who have undiagnosed
Type 1 diabetes tend to go to the toilet a lot to pass
urine. As the kidneys filter the glucose out of the blood, they also take a lot of water with it so the person with diabetes will get very
thirsty. The urine contains a lot of glucose and that creates an environment where
it’s quite easy for bacteria to thrive so it’s also quite common to get thrush
or genital itching. In the same way the blood contains a
high level of glucose as well so more bacteria than usual will tend
to breed in flesh wounds and they might be slow to heal. Glucose can also build up in the lens at the front of the eye causing the liquid in the lens to become cloudy. That can mean that some people with
undiagnosed Type 1 diabetes can have blurred vision. Because the
glucose can’t get into the cells to be used for energy, somebody who’s got undiagnosed Type 1 diabetes is going to start feeling very tired,
lethargic and unable to go about their normal
daily routine. But the body still needs an energy source in order to work properly so what it
does is it starts to break down its fats tools and that can lead to weight loss. So, the main symptoms of Type 1
diabetes are going to the toilet a lot, thirst,
thrush or genital itching, slow healing of wounds, blurred vision tiredness and weight loss. These symptoms generally happen quite quickly often over a few weeks and come be reversed once the diabetes
is treated with insulin. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about
90 per cent of all cases in the population. It’s most common in the over 40 age group in the white population and in the over 25 age group in the
South Asian population. Type 2 diabetes is a little more complex
because there are slightly more processes at work. Either the body isn’t producing quite
enough insulin or the insulin it is producing isn’t
working properly. That can be due to being overweight because a build up of fat can stop
insulin doing its job properly but it can also happen in people of a healthy weight. So in Type 2 diabetes, the carbohydrate-containing food is broken
down into glucose in the stomach and digestive system as normal. That glucose then moves into the bloodstream. The
pancreas starts to produce insulin which moves
with the glucose through the bloodstream to all the body
cells which need glucose for energy. However the glucose can’t always get into the cells
because the locks to the cell doors have become furred up with fat deposits. That means that the insulin can’t open the cell doors
properly. So the level of glucose in the blood
continues to rise. In response to this, the pancreas
produces even more insulin so the blood glucose
levels continue to rise and the insulin levels continue to rise.
This situation is further complicated by the cells which are desperate for energy – sending
out emergency signals to the liver to release stored glucose. The blood glucose level up and up and the pancreas produces more
and more insulin until it can’t cope anymore and
eventually it can wear out. As with Type 1 diabetes the symptoms of
Type 2 diabetes are going to the toilet a lot, thirst, thrush or genital itching, slow healing of
wounds, blurred vision, tiredness and weight loss
in some people. The symptoms for Type 2 diabetes come
along very slowly and some people don’t
have any symptoms at all. So for that reason, people can live with
Type 2 diabetes for up to 10 years before they realise that they have it. Type
2 diabetes can be treated in a number of different
ways. Initially it may be sufficient to make changes to the food you’re eating and to take extra physical activity or
lose any weight that may be appropriate. But Type 2
diabetes is a progressive condition and most
people will need some form of medication to treat it he

100 Replies to “Diabetes and the body | Diabetes UK”

  • Ritengo che la maggior parte dei disturbi cronici derivino da una diminuzione del metabolismo. Vi suggerisco di cercare Nodibet su Youtube

  • I have heard the body produces cancer cells naturally, because cancer cells eat 12 times more sugar than any other cell. In a normal situation, those cancer cells would then experience "apoptosis", or normal cancer cell death, and be flushed out of the body naturally. Also, the pancreas NORMALLY produces 2 enzymes, –"trypsisn" and "chymo-trypsin". These enjy

  • Đừng khinh thường bệnh tiểu đường

  • Diabetes is caused due to excess fluids intake or excess tea intake even though water intake could be low.

  • My 5 year old daughter has just been diagnosed with type 1 this video has helped me understand what's happening in her body a lot better so thank you

  • In terms of details about general health and diabetes treatment method, I find this easy to follow and very good. Thru this plan, you could transform your lifestyle and diet without getting particular about your carb or calorie. My transition to a more healthy life-style hasn`t only helped me lose fat but also overcome diabetic issues and high blood pressure! It is correct that you really could change diabetes..?

  • I have a theory… doesnt the insulin get created less because the body wants to Loose weight and so using the fat for fuel? But still making some for the cells that have less fat in them so less fuel. Made by your 11 year old boy…

  • I must tell you about a person who helped me alot me with Diabetes! He is the only person, who can give you a step by step way how to cure it. Just open site DIABETES. XCOURSE. XYZ (without spaces) and watch his amazing story!

  • If you have type 2 diabetes read Dr. Jason Fung’s books and watch his videos. It can be cured 90% of the time… easily and free.

  • Diabetes is a serious illness that as we know is often caused by dietary and lifestyle choices. I found the video pasted below and was staggered by the ignorance of this man. He is blaming diabetes on immigration using utterly ignorant references to try to justify his racist agenda. Total idiot and an insult to diabetes sufferers world wide.

  • I had this other uncle named john whom the doctors said his arm would need to be amputated he took care of himself…in a different way he didn't want to live like that luckily I exercise very important in prevention

  • WRONG! We do not need glucose. Our body produces enough glucose to supply vital organs with the amounts they need through gluconeogenesis. NEXT!

  • I am a type 2 diabetic My blood glucose was at 400-500 about 3 months ago my A1C was at 12 now it's at level 6
    Now my blood glucose is on average at 85-120 when in the morning and 120-170 after a meal and at 95 before bed time.
    Never took meds and not planing on doing it.

  • I have been suffering from (DIABETES VIRUS) disease for the past four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (Hepatitis B and Cancer) by this Man Dr OMOYE and she also gave the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. OMOYE telling him about my (DIABETES Virus) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as the Dr assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if i have be finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email Dr (OMOYE) ([email protected]) or vist Dr on WhatsApp+2347036484707.
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  • You say type 2 is over weight people that is not true. i am 8 stone 4 pound and 5"2 in length and i have type 2 diabetes.. Here is another example of type 1 diabetes one of my cousins is 14 stone and 10 pound and has type 1.. so its different to what you are saying with my cousin and i..

  • No, treat it with whole food only. Insulin is a storage hormone and the more you crank it up with injections, the WORSE the condition will get. Notice I did not say disease as it is a physiological adaptation that YOU have put yourself into with the NON-food you are eating.

  • I just want to quickly say this to the world ear, though i'm not good in this but i just feel very happy to say this to the world,I love my mother so much that i can do anything for her to live a healthy life and always be happy, in her early 40's she develop Hepatitis B Disease and i took her to so many doctor all they said was there is no cure but she can get medication that will support her everyday life which make me very unhappy and i wanted this cure to be permanent, till i came across this man online a Dr who work in Health Med Lab Clinic and i explain everything to him and he said he can cure my mom because their clinics deals with natural herbal medicine and they treat and cure any incurable disease, which i decided to give a try, i get the medication from them and my mom start using it as instructed within just a couple of 2 Months, my mom get her health back again and did a test which come out to be Hepatitis B negative wow!! this is really genius and i want you there to also give a try and you will come back and thank me later here is their email address [email protected] they cure any kind of incurable diseases.

  • These people are all frightening everyone by saying that diabetes is progressive, absolutely incorrect. Up to the end, they are explaining it but they don't suggest how to prevent or how to control without any medication. Please watch the videos of Dr.Jason Fung, Dr. Joseph Lustig, and Dr.Eric Burg. This can be controlled and even reversed through diet, exercise, and intermittent fasting.

  • I just get cured of hepatitis b, with the help of this clinic, HEALTH MED LAB, who deliver the medicine to me with the menu just after 2 Months i was tested Negative, If you are suffering for HVB please contact them for help here is their email. [email protected]

  • Sincerely this was an excellent, informative and educative video; very well presented. I commend the lady who did this.

  • I'm so sick that I cut my earlier comment from earlier completely. I realized just how sick I really am once I proof read the post I was going to leave. Just how bad it is. Issues wit blood sugar staying between 350 and 430. I have an appointment for tomorrow with my PCP. I think it'd time to see a specialist for m liver issues and find out witch of the diseases is causing all the swelling that I'm dealing with. Fluid isn't suppose to ooze out of the pores on my legs. Same thing with my belly if I scratch it on something. It's so bad i have changed my mind about posting any more here in this forum/comment box. Take care of yourselves. You only have one body until it turns on you. JUST LOST MY BABY SISTER TO CANCER. I SOUND OLD HUH? I'M NOT REALLY. TIME TO CALL IT A NIGHT. GOD BLESS YOU'LL. Good night…💤 💤 💤 💤 🌀 💤 💤 💤 💤 💤

  • I'm so sick that I cut my earlier comment from earlier completely. I realized just how sick I really am once I proof read the post I was going to leave. Just how bad it is. Issues wit blood sugar staying between 350 and 430. I have an appointment for tomorrow with my PCP. I think it'd time to see a specialist for m liver issues and find out witch of the diseases is causing all the swelling that I'm dealing with. Fluid isn't suppose to ooze out of the pores on my legs. Same thing with my belly if I scratch it on something. It's so bad i have changed my mind about posting any more here in this forum/comment box. Take care of yourselves. You only have one body until it turns on you. JUST LOST MY BABY SISTER TO CANCER. I SOUND OLD HUH? I'M NOT REALLY. TIME TO CALL IT A NIGHT. GOD BLESS YOU'LL. Good night…💤 💤 💤 💤 🌀 💤 💤 💤 💤 💤

  • Want a better way to successfully and easily manage your Diabetes? Here is a fantastic and well recommended product that has been a lifesaver for me. Try Halki Diabetes Remedy.

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  • Hey motherfuckers stop your BULLSHIT! You idiots ask Jason Fung about type 2!
    Fats has absolutely nothing to do with t2d! You greedy murderers!
    LCHF DIET and intermittent fasting can cure t2d in 3 to 6 months! And absolutely free wish is a disaster for your fucking pockets!


  • About one-third of Americans are pre-diabetic. It would be better to say losing weight is helpful for diabetes. Embedded sugars in processed food also tricks us.

  • Beautiful graphics and outstanding explanation. I wish you could show the insulin being poured into the blood stream directly, and not made to look as though it is leaving the pancreas via a duct into the stomach. Hormones are supposed to be poured into the blood stream directly. Thank you. Appreciated

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  • Best explanation I have ever received…..After finishing all my nursing theories am now receiving best explanation, nevertheless we never stop learning.

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  • If you are interested at all in reading about the emotions of diabetes, I published a book about it

  • excellent video, the body is an amazing design. Shame we abuse it with fast food and too much alcohol..I know a guy who is type 1, every now and then he has a 'hypo'. Not nice to watch.

  • I was at my aunties house and I was going to sleep on her sofa, I couldn't sleep and I continuously went upstairs to the toilet and drinking, I thought the blur was that I was tired but the next day I went to visit my brother in the hospital and his nurse noticed I had the symptoms and they tested my blood. They rushed me into the hospital into my own ward and injected me and I felt so weird that I fainted..
    idk why I typed all this but it has been a few months and it's so hard to test 8 times a day and inject 15 minutes before I eat ;/

  • Thank you very much very interesting and educational video …👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍👍

  • the best presentation which i have seen. thanku very much. i wish you could upload another video regarding the treatment for diabetes.

  • It is NOT progressive. Change your diet to LCHF – count your carbs – you can reverse it successfully. Look up the science.

  • thanks for your information….i would like to share my own incident …my father is diabetic..last year he got bilateral cerebral infarct which led him to edge of death…thanks to god and doctors who save him and us from that condition from there the search begins for the healthy substitute of insulin shots which ends here…now his diabetes goes from 400+ to 125…i wish it could help others also @t

  • Wow, You shared very good information. My uncle had suffered from this problem. He was total upset during this. He went to many hospitals. But the result was not good. Then, Someone told him about planet Ayurveda. He went to Planet Ayurveda & got his treatment started. Now he is fine. If you have this type of problem or any other type of health problem. you should go to Planet Ayurveda.

  • Thank you for sharing your valued opinion I personally don’t have diabetes However my husband has diabetes and it under control has regular appointments with Diabetic Center thank for your concern 👍

  • I am so so happy today,I have been suffering from HSV for the past 3years now, i have spent a lot on drugs which has all proved abortive, i have tried all means to become HSV negative, but there was no answer until i found Herbalist Okougbe an online research i contacted him and the dr.okougbe sent me his herbal medication and the prescription on how to use it, i am now HSV Negative, i am very very happy, thanks to Dr Okougbe for helping my life come back newly again without any form of crisis, i promise to tell your name and good deeds to the whole world, Kindly contact @dr.okougbe0 for cure regarding, HIV, Herpes, hepatitis, Cancer and other deadly diseases. contact via: [email protected] or whatsapp +234 811 927 8442.

  • Wow! Thank you for such a clear presentation. This has enlightened me about the condition of both my parents. Please give us more info on how complications arise so i can also explain it to my diabetic parents.

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