Arbitrary vs Iconic Signs: What Are They? (ASL)
August 27, 2019
(♪♪♪) Hi everybody! So, first of all I just kind of wanted to explain a little bit. So you might notice that I’m not talking today. I’m actually signing. There’s a few reasons why I decided to go ahead and sign today’s video. I had a few comments and kinda made me think. That’s not the only reason I decided to go ahead and do signing. I thought it might be helpful. I do remember one person had commented a while back saying that they prefer watchign me sign because it helps them to learn sign language. So I thought I’d go ahead and give it a try. See about doing doing signing. I’ll have a voice over and CC. So if you prefer that I’m signing let me know! Yay? Nay? If you like it, hit the LIKE button below let me know! So today’s topic is arbitrary vs iconic signs. So somebody had requested what is the difference, what do they mean, give some examples. So, first I’m going to teach you what each word is. So the first word is arbitrary. So arbitrary is talking about that there’s a sign, the sign and the meaning don’t have any relationship. There’s no connection between them. There’s no specific reason why this sign is related to that word. So for comparing that to iconic signs. Iconic signs, the signs themselves obviously are related to the word. There’s a meaning. I’m going to give you some examples. So we’re going to start with the iconic. So an example of an iconic sign would be like ball. So obviously if you look at the sign, it’s in the shape of a ball. It looks like a ball! So that’s iconic. Another example would be like curls, like curly hair. So obvioulsy it’s that way because the curl goes in that shape. So when you do that with your hands, its the curls. So another example would be let’s say underwear. So the sign for underwear, at least what I use, is this. Obviously you’d sign it closer down to where your underwear are but you can’t see that. So one of th reasons is because that is the shopae of underwear. I’m drawing it with my fingers, or bra which is up here. Same idea. So those are some examples of iconic signs. So again the sign and the word have an obvious meaning and connection. Now when we’re talking about arbitrary umm again arbitrary the sign and the word don’t really have any connection. There’s no reason that sign is with that word. So I’m trying to think of an example, like GOOD. G-O-O-D. So, there’s really no reason why hand to your mouth, then it goes forward. That’s doesn’t really represent the meaning of good. Good meaning something is nice or happy or you know good. BAD same idea. There’s really… I mean obvioulsy the two good and bad are the opposite so you can see the difference but again, there’s really no connection from the sign to the word. Umm maybe another ummm concept would be like APPLE for example. Apple, umm the handshape the placement, you know doesn’t look like an apple. Umm it’s not the shape of an apple. You it doesn’t signify it’s red. You know this right here, that would be more signified that it’s red. That explains what the apple is. Like this handshape, I don’t know? There’s really no reason! I mean maybe there is a reason, but I don’t know what the reason is. It is not very clear that that would be an apple. If I were signing that to a person who doesn’t know sign language and I signed this. They probably wouldn’t know what I’m talking about. If I signed like BALL for example, they might be able to guess what that is. Maybe that’s a ball or somthing because it’s round and it’s circular. So, yeah that is the difference between arbitrary and iconic signs. So Zach since you made the request hopefully that helps you. Again let me know if you guys prefer that I used signing with the voicing and CC. If you think that that’s better or you prefer that I’m talking. You know I’m trying to be accessible as I can for everybody. That’s the reason I decided to go ahead and start CC these videos. I had a few Deaf people say “why aren’t you CC your videos?” So I went ahead and did that. Some people still want me to sign. So let me know. Uhh hopefully you guys have enjoyed today’s video. If you have, please hit the LIKE button below. Click it please! Also if you have not subscribed, click the big red button up there and SUBSCRIBE! I love having you guys come and you know join in with me. Leave comments below. You know give me some examples maybe comparing arbitrary to iconic. You know, what do you guys think? So definitely let me know! As always I will have 2 other videos over here. So please click on those. Take a look, let me know what you think and yeah I will see you in the next video! Bye everybody!