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How To Learn Sign Language

100 Basic ASL Signs and Phrases You Need to Know! (Part 3) 25 Basic Signs for Time + 1 Learning Hack

Hello everyone! Today is going to be
another essential lesson because today we’re going to be learning how to sign
all about time, we’ll learn set signs such as today, tomorrow, yesterday, and
other time related signs like that. And we will also go into more detail about
bridging. What is it and how do we use it? So stay tuned and let’s learn the basics. Again today we will be learning 25 signs
all about time and for a complete rundown of each one you can click in the
description down below and I will have a list of all the vocabulary words but
also they’ll be associated with timestamps. So if you happen to forget a
particular sign you can just go back to this video, click the description, and
click the timestamp for the sign you forgot and it’ll take you right to it
which is great for review. And be sure to stay tuned until the end because I will
have another challenge for all of you that will really help speed up that
learning process and I’ll explain one really effective learning hack to really
speed up your progress, as well as a special announcement at the very end. And
if you’ve been finding these videos helpful please like, subscribe, and hit
that Bell notification. With all of that set let’s get started. So the first time
today is a really simple one it’s “day”. You just lay out your non-dominant arm
flat like this you make the one handshape and you bring it down for
“day”. If you were talking about multiple days for example two days or three days
or four days you would just change the handshape to correspond to the number. So
for two days it would be “two days” “three days” “four days” “five days”. And then if as
you go higher into numbers 10, 11, and 12, you would sign the number “10 days” or
“11 days”. If you haven’t got around to learning your numbers or if you just
like a review you can actually click on the link above and I will take you to a
playlist that’ll teach you how to sign any number in sign language! For the next
two signs are going to be a little similar but I’ll teach you an easy trick
to remember which is which. So the first one is “today”. So “today” has two syllables
so you’ll make the Y handshape, make sure your palms are facing the ceiling,
and you’ll bounce twice “today”. The next one is the sign for “now”. “Now” is
only one syllable, so you’ll just do the same handshape, palms facing up, and you
just bring it down once, “now”, “today” “now”. The next sign is “yesterday” so this has
actually signed two different ways, one is with the thumb like this you take it
to your cheek and you either go back to your ear or you flick it backwards in
time, “yesterday”. The second way of signing this is
actually with the Y handshape for yesterday. So you would do from the chin
to the ear like this or same thing where you would flick it into the past.
“Tomorrow” is the same handshape, the same position, except it goes forward in time.
“Tomorrow”. So the next sign is “week”. A good way to remember this is to think of your
hand as a calendar and you’d make the one handshape and you’re gonna go from
left to right as you’re going from left to right on a calendar for one week, and
just as we did for days, if you wanted to represent two weeks or three weeks you
would change the number. So you would do “two weeks” “three weeks” “four weeks”. So
before we go on to the next sign I’m going to talk to you a little bit about
bridging. Bridging is basically when you have more English words than are
represented in sign language. So one good example of this is “last week”, there’s a
sign for last and there’s a sign for week, but you would not sign “last week”,
you would sign “last week”. So this is one sign that represents two English words,
that’s basically what bridging is all about. And the same would go for “next
week”, there is a sign for next and there’s a sign for week, but you wouldn’t
sign “next week” or “next week”, you would just take that week and you would push
it forward in time like this, “next week”. One sign, two words. Now for the sign for
“month”, you will just take your non-dominant hand you make a one
handshape and then you’ll make a one handshape with your other hand
make sure this palm is facing you and it’s gonna go down the back of your
other finger, just like this, “month”. Just as a heads up this does have two
minor variations, one is “last month” with the one handshape, and the other is “last
month” signifying past, “month past” or “last month”. Moving on to “next month”, you would sign month and you would just put that
month forward in time. The next sign I’ll show you is “year”. You make one fist
with your non-dominant hand and then you take your other fist and you orbit
around the other. So this is kind of representing the Earth orbiting the Sun
in a year’s time, “year”. And for “last year” you would start with your fists together
like this and that last year goes backwards into the past, “last year”. For
“next year”, you would start the same way except that year is going forward in
time, “next year”. That completes our big units of time, now
we’re gonna go down to smaller units of time, hours, minutes, seconds. So for “hour”,
you just make a palm face and for me I just think of my palm as the face of the
clock and one hour goes around like this, or some people will say one hour like
this. For hour I just visualize my non-dominant hand as the face of the
clock and my number is representing the number of hours I am signing. So you will
go one hour some people will say one two or like this and then you would do two
hours or three hours four hours five hours so on and so forth. The sign for “minute”,
you will keep that clock face right here and you will just show a tick not all
the way around, not all the way around, just a tick for a minute. One minute, two
minutes, three minutes. One other minor variation to minute is some people will
just do it with a pointer finger and do the same ticking motion one minute, two
minutes, three minutes. Now moving on to “second”. This is even a shorter tick, so if
you’re sticking with the clock face you just put your clock face up like this
and it’s just going to be a very subtle tick one second, two seconds, three
seconds, or that other variation I showed you earlier where you’ll use the tip of
the finger in one second, two seconds, three seconds. So either variations work,
although the clock face is the more common one. The next three signs are
going to be “morning”, “afternoon” and “night”. So for this you just
think of your arm as the horizon, this is my non-dominant arm, and then your other
arm will be representing the Sun. So for “morning”, the Sun is coming up above the
horizon. For “afternoon”, it’s going down, and for “night”, its just cresting
over the horizon like this. Morning, afternoon, and night. Now we
can actually start stringing some sentences together to have salutations or
little sentences. For example, in part one we learn the sign for good like this, so
if you wanted to say “good morning”, you could string those two signs
together, “good morning” “good afternoon” “good night”. The next two signs I will
show you are actually more examples of bridging. So in English, it’ll
be “all day” or “all night”. In sign, it will be “all day”, signifying the Sun going all
the way from point to point, or “all night” where the Sun goes all the way from one
side of the horizon to the other. Okay, so you made it to the last sign! So the last
sign is actually going to be the months of the year, so it’s actually twelve for
one. So for the months of the year, you would just fingerspell the first three
letters of the month. So for example January would be “Jan”, February would
be “Feb”, March “Mar”. If you haven’t learned the alphabet in ASL yet, or if
you could just use a refresher, you could actually watch this video right here
where I show you how to sign the entire alphabet A through Z, and I also give for
fingerspelling tips to help you with your clarity. So as we were doing the
bridged words such as “next week” and “last week”, “next year” and “last year”, you may
start picking up on a pattern, that time is spatial. And what I mean by that is
that all signs that are in future tense or happen in the future will be forward in
time, which means they will be forward moving away from your body. And things
that happen in the past or happened long ago will all be heading backwards in
time. With that in mind, I’ll show you a couple of cool signs that you can do
with that the first one is “past” or a “long time ago”, “once upon a time”. So you
will use either the open five handshape and go like this or to show that it was
a really long time ago you would use both hands and you’re almost rewinding
back in time, “a really long time ago” or like “once upon a time” “once upon a time”.
So the other one is “future”, so it’ll be the same handshape except again, since
time is spatial, you’re going to be going forward in time or forward away from
your body, “future”, and this one will tend to wiggle the fingers like this, “future”.
“Past” “really far to the future” “really far into the past” “a long time ago”. Okay, so
remember in the beginning of the video and mentioned a really cool learning
hack, so this is actually really encouraging if you don’t know a lot of
signs yet, but if you know 10 nouns, you know 10 verbs, and you know 10 adjectives,
then you can start mixing this up into a 1,000 different phrases! 10 x 10 x 10. So are all 1000 of those combinations
grammatically correct? Probably not, but one of the things about
languages and especially when we first start learning the language when we are
babies and we are toddlers and as we grow up, we just keep trying different
combinations, we don’t feel embarrassed and we don’t have to worry about making
things perfect, and that’s why children learn languages so fast. They are not
afraid to make mistakes and they just try anything that they can. So one really
good learning hack for you to remember is that it doesn’t have to be perfect. So
for this specific learning hack to be really effective, you’re gonna have to
just go out there and use what you know in everyday conversation, and that
actually leads me into this week’s challenge. This week, I want to challenge
each and every one of you to start building sentences with signs that
you’ve already learned and try using these sentences with somebody that you know and practice and practice and practice some
more. And I’m curious what you come up with, go ahead and post in the comments
down below the sentences that you come up with with signs that you already know.
And remember if you want to continue to make progress and more importantly
remember the things that you’ve already learned, review is so important. so
please review this video again after a day or two and go back and re-watch
parts 1 & 2. Remember all of these videos have timestamps, so if you only need to
brush up on a few signs, you can click in the descriptions and click on the
sign you want and get that quick review. And also don’t forget to share this
video with somebody that you know personally. Knowing the same signs and
being able to practice those signs with each other really speeds up the process
of learning the language. And if you’re interested in building your vocabulary
even further, you can check out all of my previous lessons here on YouTube in one
big giant playlist up here, or you can come follow me on social media at @aslbasics and I teach a little bit of sign language and a little bit of grammar
every single day. And if you’d like to learn more about
different learning hacks or ways that you can speed up the process of learning
the language, I do have a free guide available and it’s called “6 Steps to
Sign Language Fluency” and I’ll leave a link to it in the description down below.
And of course creating all these videos and lessons takes a lot of time and
energy, if you’re interested in supporting us continue to make these free
educational content, you can support us on, you can check out our
affiliate links at, or you can even check out some of our
merch. And remember to like, subscribe, and click that bell notification, because
next Tuesday we will do our final lesson in this four-part series of 100 signs
you need to know. So until next time, I’ll see you later! If you’re really interested in
taking your learning to the next level, we now offer
1 on 1 tutoring! If that’s something that interests you, I will
leave a link in the description down below where you can find more details.
Again, thank you for watching.

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